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What is the relationship between testosterone levels and male pattern baldness?

Let's see if testosterone levels and male pattern baldness are related. “Bald men look more intelligent and courageous” - such a phrase would hardly reassure a man who discovered bald patches.

We part with hair every day. Both men and women lose up to 100-150 hair per day. This is a normal, natural process. If there are no health problems, then the lost hair, outdated, replace new ones.



But for some reason, nature is so arranged that part of the strong half of humanity at a certain age irretrievably loses its wonderful, thick hair. The first loss, as a rule, in the forehead, crown and crown, a man can notice at 25-30 years.

This is male pattern baldness, or - scientific language - androgenetic alopecia. Most men are genetically predisposed to this process, and by the age of 45–60, two-thirds of them are almost completely bald.

Testosterone is to blame

Testosterone is considered the main cause of irreversible hair loss on the head in men. The same male hormone that is responsible for the sexual activity of men, for the production of sperm, as well as for muscle mass and bone condition. Testosterone affects the manifestation of some masculine qualities of character, such as aggressiveness, assertiveness and so on.

This hormone in the blood turns into the active form - dihydrotestosterone (abbreviated DHT). He is not able to influence the hair follicles of the head in the best way, making them weak. Hair begins to fall out intensely, and new ones simply can’t grow anymore, since over time, DHT leads to the death of hair follicles.

Thus, testosterone can be called the main cause of male pattern baldness. This is scientifically confirmed. And men are better off accepting this. Genes can enhance or decrease the effect of testosterone.

If the family had bald relatives, then the likelihood of losing hair on the head, of course, increases.

But not the amount of male hormone is transmitted by inheritance, but the sensitivity of the hair follicles to its variety - DHT.

The fact that a bald man is popularly considered a tireless lover with unbending potency is already a myth. It is refuted by scientific studies: the amount of testosterone in men with bald hair and scalp is the same. An excess of testosterone can harm a man, as it increases the chances of getting prostate cancer and heart and vascular diseases.

Are there any other causes of baldness?

There are several factors that contribute to hair loss.

  1. Stress can cause reversible baldness. In this case, the hair falls out evenly or in separate sections, the hair follicles are as if sleeping, and new hairs do not grow for some time. The process is reversible, and the hairline is restored, but complex assistance may be required.
  2. Violations of the thyroid gland, for example, hypothyroidism.
  3. Fungal skin lesions.
  4. Hormonal malfunctions, including those caused artificially. This refers to the fascination with steroid hormones, which are often taken for rapid muscle building.
  5. Long-term exposure to toxic substances. Work in hazardous industries can lead to hair loss.
  6. But the leading cause of baldness is still the male hormone testosterone and the presence of bald relatives in the genus.

Down with the myths!

Finally, we’ll dispel several well-known myths about this process.

  • Myth 1. Being bald is the lot of mature husbands.

In fact, a young man aged 20–25 years can start to become bald. This is the so-called early baldness. By the age of 30, a full bald head can already form.

  • Myth 2. Caps, hats, caps lead to problems with hair.

There is no connection between wearing hats and baldness. The only thing that a not very clean hat can lead to is an unpleasant smell and dandruff.

  • Myth 3. There are miracle drugs that will help return the old luxurious hair.

There is no panacea for baldness. You can suspend this process, slow down, but completely eliminate it will not work, and over time it will take its toll. And what pharmacology offers helps only in 50% of cases and has side effects, such as decreased libido and problems with the scalp when rubbing these funds.

  • Myth 4. Styling products have a bad effect on hair; their use can lead to baldness.

Modern varnishes, mousses, foams carefully treat hair. Their use is safe, they do no harm, are washed off perfectly with water. The main thing is to feel the measure and observe your own hygiene.

  • Myth 5. The sun has a detrimental effect on hair.

Heat, direct sunlight dry hair. It is enough to cover your head with a cap, hat or take refuge in the shade - and no problems. The same goes for a tanning bed. Cover your hair with special disposable caps.

The effect of testosterone on hair growth

On average, every man loses up to a hundred hairs every day, but grows as much during the day. But lack of testosterone hormone can lead to baldness on the head, chest and face. But with a certain predisposition, the hormone will turn into DHT, which leads to thinning and loss of hair in mature years.

Such hormone transformations occur due to the influence of reductase (an enzyme produced by the adrenal glands and the prostate).

It turns out that the bulb remains alive, but over time:

  • the hair is getting thinner
  • more bald patches appear
  • hair loss begins
  • the bulbs gradually die or shrink.

There are risk groups that are most susceptible to this problem, this applies to:

  1. fair-skinned and fair-haired men,
  2. men from the Caucasus and eastern countries,
  3. men with a genetic predisposition
  4. constant stress
  5. malnutrition
  6. exposure to external factors.

An elevated hormone level is a real problem that develops into a pathology, which can lead to a number of consequences. This happens due to improper functioning of the adrenal glands, prostate and thyroid gland. This deviation is called "hyperandrogenism."

This condition is characterized by the appearance of a large amount of hair on the chest, abdomen, back, legs, scrotum and in the anus. But bald patches may appear on the head, hair will become thinner and weaker.

A number of signs also indicate a high level of testosterone:

  • aggressiveness and irritability,
  • the appearance of wounds and inflamed acne in the body,
  • testicular problems
  • infertility,
  • problems with the heart, respiratory and circulatory system.

This happens not only due to impaired functioning of the kidneys, adrenal glands and pancreas, but also when taking synthetic drugs to build muscle. Therefore, more often than others, bodybuilders and athletes suffer from these problems. In their body, the secretion of the production of their own testosterone is impaired.

If you notice strong hairiness on the body, it is important to consult a doctor and take tests to normalize the hormonal system. Because later on the symptoms with increased testosterone will be added:

  1. renal and liver failure,
  2. insomnia,
  3. weakness,
  4. swelling
  5. obesity,
  6. high cholesterol
  7. headache.

Hormones and baldness

Hair loss is a natural physiological process, because they have their own life span. Regardless of gender, social status, nationality, a person loses more than 100 hairs during the day, but the same amount of them grows.

The fallen hair has outlived its life, in its place a new one appears, if human health is in order.

Testosterone, which affects the male physique and appropriate behavior, is also responsible for the vegetation on the body, head, face. The lack or excess of this steroid affects the state of the hormonal system and is reflected in the appearance. At some point, hair loss intensifies, male alopecia (baldness) develops. Over time, the area of ​​the bald head increases. At the same time, the stubble on the face or beard does not undergo any changes. Some men by the age of 45-60 are almost completely bald.

Causes of baldness

3 main causes of baldness are identified - these are age-related changes, genetic effects, hormonal levels. In most men, the cause of hair loss on the head is a hereditary factor. This family feature is explained by the hypersensitivity of hair follicles to one of the forms of androgens - dihydrotestosterone (DHT). The hormone inhibits the ability of the hair follicle to produce new hair.

Early prolapse can occur due to hormonal disorders. And if a man is genetically predisposed to hair loss, then baldness is inevitable.

Unbalance of hormones and slow hair growth in men can be caused by:

  • thyroid pathology,
  • taking steroids
  • fungal diseases (seborrhea, lichen),
  • stress
  • malnutrition
  • aggressive external environment
  • work with toxic and toxic substances.

An increased amount of dihydrotestosterone leads to excessive male-type hair growth and baldness of the head. And its low level is characterized by a lack of hair growth. No stubble, beard, no hair on the back, chest, limbs. With age, a person undergoes physiological changes in the hormonal background, so every second pensioner appears to one degree or another.

The relationship of testosterone with hair growth

Some men do not even suspect that the cause of hair loss is associated with hormones. The body uses free or unbound testosterone to develop muscle. Other organs and tissues need a strong, transformed fraction of the hormone - dihydrotestosterone. There is a small concentration of inactive testosterone in the bloodstream. It is metabolized, it becomes dihydrotestosterone. And this substance inhibits the root system of the hair.

DHT is formed when free testosterone binds to blood albumin by 5-alpha reductase. It is produced by the prostate and seminal vesicles, partly by some parts of the nervous system, skin and hair follicles. Elevated levels of the hormone and the hereditary gene prevent hair growth on the head.

Dihydrotestosterone blocks the flow of nutrients through the capillary system, disrupting the function of the bulbs. Under the influence of the hormone, the skin near the hair sacs loses elasticity. Bulbs are reduced in size, compressed. The hair itself is thinning, becoming colorless, turning into a fluff and falling out. Hair follicles stop working, although they do not die.

Manifestations of alopecia

Androgenic alopecia is a type of baldness that is increasingly starting to appear in young people literally from the age of 18. To deal with the problem, you need to start acting soon. The effect of treatment depends on the stage at which it was started. You need to know some signs of androgenetic alopecia. This will help to take action in time.

A person should be alert for a lot of hair falling out during the day and their increased fragility.

Hair becomes dry, lifeless, dull, fall out even with a slight exposure. Balms and masks do not improve the situation. The process does not occur all over the head, at first one certain zone thins. Small bald patches appear along the edge of hair growth on the forehead, temples, then baldness appears on the crown of the head, hair does not fall out in the back of the head. The clinical picture over time becomes more pronounced.

Although testosterone and hair are interrelated, sometimes even with visible changes, the level of the hormone in the blood remains normal. At the same time, dihydrotestosterone levels are high, but bald patches may not be. The catalyst for androgenic alopecia is male heredity and increased enzyme activity.

Is testosterone really causing baldness? Is there a relationship?

It is inherent in nature that in men, at a certain age stage, hair loss begins, which indicates alopecia.

Important! The bulb does not completely die off, which means that its growth will be stimulated.

Testosterone is fixed in human blood in various configurations. Muscles use a free type of hormone, other tissues need transformed dihydrotestosterone. It converts its 5-alpha reductose, in the blood system it can make a connection with albumin. In this regard, the general indicator of testosterone can be derived only after calculating all its transformations.

Empirically, it was found that in bald men and have not yet encountered alopecia, the rate of "male hormone" is identical. So the version of excessive sexuality is fiction.

A study in Michigan proved that men with early alopecia have a significantly reduced risk of prostate cancer.

Types of Alopecia

The disease is formed gradually, initially imperceptibly. A lot of hair begins to fall out when washing and combing, then throughout the day, without any effect. The hair remaining on the head becomes thin, dull, the hair noticeably thinning. Androgenic alopecia or pattern-alopecia develops according to a certain pattern. It consists of 7 stages.

  1. Bald patches are outlined in the forehead and temples, along the border of hair growth, which moves inland.
  2. Triangular patches form on both sides, advancing 2 cm to the crown of the head.
  3. The areas without hair on the forehead and temples are clearly outlined, resembling the letter “M”.
  4. The hairiness of the parietal zone decreases, the skin is visible through the hair.
  5. The border between the sites is smoothed, the bald spot becomes horseshoe-shaped.
  6. The parietal, temporal and frontal areas are completely bald.
  7. The final formation of bald spots, and does not grow downy hair.

Why does hair fall out

Modern studies do not give a definitive answer on how hair loss occurs, but they outline the picture more clearly.

“Hair loss in men depends on a genetic predisposition, not an increased level of testosterone,” says Glenn Lyons, trichologist and clinical director of the Philip Kingsley Trichological Clinic in Mayfair, London.

Testosterone affects libido, muscle growth, strengthens bones, but does not affect hair loss or thinning of the follicles.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), male pattern baldness affects 50% of men by age 50. Hair loss occurs due to damage to the hair follicles, which occur due to changes in the immune system. Killer cells damage and destroy the hair structure, fight with the formation of new follicles. Hair loss is caused by hormonal imbalances, a genetic predisposition and metabolic defects.

Baldness treatment

To determine the cause of the disease, examination will be required. You will need a consultation with a therapist, genetics, trichologist, endocrinologist. Therapy is divided into specific and non-specific. The first is to eliminate the cause that led to baldness.

Treatment is carried out with drugs directly acting on the hair follicles.

Minoxidil improves blood circulation in the scalp by supplying follicles with nutrients and oxygen. Metabolic processes are normalized, hair begins to grow back. The greatest effect is observed if treatment began in men under 40 years of age and no later than 10 years from the onset of baldness.With caution, the drug is used in women, since there is a risk of excessive hair growth in unusual areas of the skin (hypertrichosis).

And also doctors prescribe drugs that inhibit the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase. For example, finasteride blocker affects the amount of dihydrotestosterone. The medicine has side effects and contraindications. It is taken only as directed and under the supervision of a physician.

Nonspecific treatment consists in stimulating the hair follicles with physiotherapy. These are the following procedures:

  • manual and vacuum scalp massage,
  • electrophoresis
  • acupuncture,
  • darsonvalization - electrotherapy with a pulsed current of variable frequency,
  • laser therapy.

If drug treatment and physiotherapy do not give a positive effect, a hair transplant operation is possible. The man’s own hair, more often from the occipital region, is implanted in the bald areas. The result depends on the individual characteristics of the patient. Hair rejection and other complications are possible.

Hormone dihydrotestosterone

Testosterone is synthesized in various forms. Sex hormone is bound by a globulin protein, which transfers it to the circulatory system, and is not active. The active metabolite and by-product of testosterone is dihydrotestosterone, DHT, which is five times more powerful than testosterone. It is converted from testosterone through the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. The body uses DHT to develop male characteristics. A low level of globulin indicates a high level of free testosterone in the blood.

Hormonal jumps lead to various diseases

  • - excessive fatigue,
  • - stressful conditions
  • - jumps in weight,
  • - growth of mammary glands,
  • - decrease in libido and erection.

The hormone testosterone is produced by the testes and adrenal cortex, its normal values ​​are approximately eleven to thirteen nanomoles / liter. Provides purely "male" signs - sex drive, sperm formation, muscle building. Exceeding the indicator many times can lead to total alopecia and to prostate adenoma (sometimes, to a cancerous tumor).

The hereditary factor transfers only the hypersensitivity of hair follicles to one of its forms - DHT.

A timely visit to the doctor will be able to suspend the process. Otherwise, the “nests” of the follicle overgrow, and connective tissue forms at the site of the mouth. In this case, it will not be possible to save the situation.

Factors:

  • - hereditary predisposition,
  • - dysfunction of the autoimmune system,
  • - deficiency of vitamins,
  • - a weakened immune system,
  • - imbalance in metabolism,
  • - stressful conditions,
  • - inflammatory processes in the lymph nodes,
  • - exposure to radiation,
  • - long-term use of certain drugs,
  • - fungal infection,
  • - chronic dysfunctions in the digestive tract, endocrine system, skin diseases,
  • - parasitic diseases,
  • - Sexually transmitted diseases.

Identification of the cause will help in accurate diagnosis and proper treatment, the effect of which will not take long.

Characteristic signs of alopecia

Male pattern baldness has distinctive features. The frontal line of hair recedes and forms the outlines of the letter M, whiskey thinning faster than the central section of hair. The top of the head, the area of ​​the central parting, with subsequent expansion to the sides, is balding. Again, hair in different places on the body react differently to hormonal changes.

Baldness stages

List:

  • - a bald spot appears in the forehead and temples, along the hairline, gradually shifting to the top of the head.
  • - bald spots are formed on both sides in the form of a triangle, moving a couple of centimeters towards the crown.
  • - the hairless zone on the forehead and temples has clear boundaries similar to the letter “M”.
  • - the hairiness of the parietal region decreases, the skin becomes noticeable.
  • - smoothing the boundaries between the sections, bald head is similar to a horseshoe.
  • - complete balding of the parietal, temporal and frontal zones.
  • - proliferation of connective tissue.

How the hormone affects baldness

Androgens stimulate the growth of a beard and mustache and inhibit the growth of hair on the head, for this on the surface of the hair follicles are androgen receptors that perceive the effects of hormones.

Testosterone is present in the body in every person. But baldness only progresses in those people whose hair follicles are especially sensitive to dihydrotestosterone, which disrupts their nutrition, which leads to loss of hair thickness and color. The duration of the life cycle is reduced - the hair falls out intensively. Hair receptors in the frontal and parietal zones are able to take action of DHT. In the neck and temples, the follicles do not have such receptors, which preserves hair in these areas.

Therapeutic action

Examinations are carried out by a therapist, geneticist, trichologist, endocrinologist.

Assigned funds that have a direct effect on the hair follicles.

Minoxidil stimulates blood flow to the surface of the dermis on the head, the follicles are supplied with nutrients and oxygen. Metabolic processes will return to normal, hair will begin to grow. It is possible to achieve an excellent result if therapy began in a man before the age of forty, but no later than ten years from the onset of alopecia.

Finasteride is prescribed. Very potent medicine.

Heredity

Testosterone is inactive and poorly bound to the androgen receptor on the hair follicles. Not the amount of testosterone or DHT in the blood causes baldness, but the sensitivity of hair follicles, which is determined by genetic inheritance. Scientists have discovered a gene that promotes hair loss. Therefore, the relationship between the father and grandfather or great-grandfather is traced. Although heredity is the likelihood of a process starting when a combination of favorable factors occurs. Age, stress, ecology, malnutrition affect the activation of the baldness gene.

Physiotherapeutic procedures

  • - laser exposure - UV - and IF - rays can cleanse the skin of the fungus.
  • - darsonvalization - under the influence of a high-frequency current, hair follicles are more nourished, grow stronger.
  • - galvanization - under the influence of attenuated current discharges stimulate blood circulation.
  • - massage session - improves metabolic processes in the body, enhance blood circulation where necessary.
  • - phonophoresis - an increase in the oxygen content in the cells of the epidermis, stimulation of bulb growth, stimulation of blood circulation.
  • - ultraviolet radiation - gives strength to the hair roots.
  • - Mesotherapy - injections with nutritious ingredients in the scalp will contribute to enhanced nutrition in weakened areas.
  • - electrophoresis - injections of nutrients stimulated by current enhance the beneficial effect.
  • - Gluten-free nutrition.

In the absence of the effect of medication and physiotherapy, another method of hair growth is possible - transplantation. Native hair from the nape is implanted on the bald area. The result is individual. There may be side effects. A long period of rehabilitation, soreness, high cost are an obstacle for many comers.

Bald head as a sign of sexuality - a myth

The opinion that balding men are courageous with a high level of libido is a myth. Men with a bald head can observe low testosterone, but increased activity of the 5-alpha reductase enzyme, which converts testosterone to DHT or sensitive androgen receptors. In the case of hereditary alopecia, the amount of androgens in the blood remains normal.

Male pattern baldness is irreversible, immediate measures include intervention in the actions of DHT and slow down the process. In the early stages, hair growth is restored, in the latter, when the follicles are dead, baldness is not treatable - you will need a hair transplant procedure.

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Historical studies of baldness

Baldness depends on testosterone - that's true. Back in 1960, Dr. James B. Hamilton of Yale University studied 21 boys who underwent castration. Previously, a similar method was sometimes used for boys with a diagnosis of behavioral or mental problems. He found that they showed no signs of male pattern baldness as they grew older. Hamilton was not the first to find a connection between testosterone and baldness. Hippocrates and Aristotle did the same centuries earlier. Hamilton suggested that high levels of testosterone can lead to baldness, but, in fact, its level does not matter. At bald men there may still be low levels of the hormone testosterone in the blood.

Genetic predisposition

Scientists have proven that it is not the amount of testosterone circulating in the blood that dictates baldness, but genetics. Some genes, scientists believe, are involved in this process. As a result, hair follicles become especially sensitive to a small amount of circulating testosterone. This process has not yet been fully studied, but it includes an enzyme that turns testosterone into a substance called dihydrotestosterone, which causes hair follicles to contract in some people, blocking their supply of blood and nutrients. When the follicle contracts, the growth cycle becomes shorter and new hairs become thinner and thinner. In the end, the follicle hibernates and no longer produces hair. Baldness begins on the top of the head, and then moves down the head. Bald men genetically predisposed to greater sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone, but the follicles on the chin are not affected by hormones, so beards continue to grow.

Ways to treat baldness

Since theories have been developed about the effect of testosterone on male hair, there are various treatment options. In the 1960s, there were curious attempts to treat baldness by adding testosterone directly to the scalp. The first researchers tried to make the ointment, but it was so heavy and oily that people did not want to participate in the trials, so instead they created a testosterone cream. However, most men dropped out of the study before the required ten months. The cream did not help the hair grow back, and although half the people who took part in the test, said that in their opinion, it helped slow down the rate of hair loss, the experimenters did not confirm this.

Some people who do not lose hair have low levels of an enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, so researchers have recently been looking for ways to block the enzyme from bald men . A treatment called finasteride works on this principle, but it is expensive and needs to be used constantly, otherwise hair loss will start again.

Baldness seems to attract more myths than many other problems, perhaps because its distribution is so arbitrary that we seek explanation. In general, if a person has lost his, unfortunately, he can not claim to be more courageous. All that remains for him is to blame his parents for the inherited genes.

Let's see if testosterone levels and male pattern baldness are related. “Bald men look more intelligent and courageous” - such a phrase would hardly reassure a man who discovered bald patches.

We part with hair every day. Both men and women lose up to 100-150 hair per day. This is a normal, natural process. If there are no health problems, then the lost hair, outdated, replace new ones.

But for some reason, nature is so arranged that part of the strong half of humanity at a certain age irretrievably loses its wonderful, thick hair. The first loss, as a rule, in the forehead, crown and crown, a man can notice at 25-30 years.

This is male pattern baldness, or - scientific language - androgenetic alopecia. Most men are genetically predisposed to this process, and by the age of 45–60, two-thirds of them are almost completely bald.

How does this affect male pattern baldness?

Why do men go bald when hormone levels change? Depending on the level of testosterone in the man’s body, the first changes will affect hairiness in different parts of the body. First of all, problems will begin to appear on the beard, head and chest. Armpits, legs, back, and scrotum may later suffer. Note that with a low level of testosterone, the hair falls out, and a high one grows plentifully. Although there are exceptions.

Beard

With an increase in testosterone in the body, the beard of men begins to grow stronger, faster. Usually you have to shave every day, because the hair is coarser, breaks through the skin after a few hours. This phenomenon may be accompanied by the appearance of ulcers and wounds. If the hormone testosterone is underestimated, then the beard does not grow well, there are places on the face where there is no hair at all, bald patches can occur.

Does testosterone affect male pattern baldness?

It is believed that elevated levels of testosterone in men in the blood contribute to early baldness. Is it so?

The male hormone testosterone provides vegetation on the body and face, when its other form can deprive hair on the head.

In fact, isolated free testosterone will not affect the functioning and growth of hair follicles. To "start" early androgenetic alopecia, a man must have a certain set of factors.

Fig. 1 - Options for male pattern baldness associated with testosterone - androgenic alopecia.

How does testosterone affect hair loss?

Free testosterone cannot affect certain receptors, as it has no affinity with them. Even with androgenetic alopecia, testosterone levels can be within normal limits. The amount of its other fraction, dihydrotestosterone, has been increased.

How does hormonal baldness occur?

For the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, the enzyme 5-alpha reductase is responsible. This enzyme, activated in the blood, binds to the free fraction of testosterone. After the interaction of these two substances, two hydroxyl groups are attached to the testosterone molecule, which ensures the release of the active fraction of dehydrogenase into the bloodstream. An increased level of the latter in the hair follicle has a detrimental effect on hair growth and development. In fact, this enzyme does not kill hair and does not destroy hair follicles. It gradually blocks the intake of nutrients with blood flow in the capillary system. Over time, the hair becomes thinner, reminiscent of a feather. The hair becomes colorless and very thin. After a few years, the hair follicle ceases to function at all, even such hair disappears. In the affected follicle, the bulb itself does not suffer: it does not sclerosis, but simply ceases to function. So this phenomenon is reversible.

Signs of androgenetic alopecia

Baldness due to a combination of hereditary factors and an increase in dihydrotestosterone, has its own characteristics. And according to clinical signs, the correct diagnosis can be assumed.

Distinctive features of androgenic alopecia:

  • characteristic areas of hair loss (parietal tubercles and frontal area),
  • staged baldness, characteristic for this type of pathology,
  • increased levels of dihydrotestosterone,
  • the presence of a hereditary chain (persistent follow-up in the male half of one genus of baldness).

Head

Regardless of the level of testosterone in a man’s body, scalp hair will suffer first.Baldness is usually observed with high or low levels of the hormone. Because the hormone is inhibited by a particular enzyme, turning into DHT, which leads to the destruction of hair follicles.

With excessive testosterone, the situation is different, because the hormone is unevenly distributed, affecting the growth of chest or back hair. And on the head begins a kind of “vitamin deficiency”.

To normalize the condition, you need to take tests and go through hormonal therapy.

Stages of Androgenic Alopecia

The hair loss mechanism has 7 stages:

  1. It begins with a shift in the line of hair growth from the forehead and the thinning of hair in androgen-dependent zones (frontal lobe and parietal tubercles),
  2. The hairline begins to form a triangle. In this case, hair partially falls out and thins on the parietal zones, in the temples and forehead,
  3. Nutrition of hair follicles stops in the area of ​​the parietal tubercles and there is a complete loss of hair in this area (even cannon hair stops growing),
  4. The parietal zone is free of hair, hair begins to fall in the temples and forehead. Moreover, between the two areas of baldness, a zone of thick hair is clearly visible, which delimits the bald patches,
  5. The hair on the top of the head is becoming thinner. The parietal area of ​​the receding hairline increases in size, the growth line in the temples moves further, which also increases the area of ​​hair loss,
  6. The bald patches on the parietal tubercles and the frontotemporal region are delimited by only a thin path of rare hair,
  7. The distinction between baldness zones disappears, they merge together. Over time, it passes to the neck area, the back of the head and the area above the auricles.

Chest

With a low testosterone content, the hair on the man’s chest will be almost absent, will be thin and fluffy. A high hormone content has a different effect - the entire chest to the abdomen is covered with stiff and long hair.

Back

With normal testosterone in men, there is almost no hair on the back. This is characteristic only of eastern nations. But the overestimated level of the hormone speaks of problems when the hair grows particularly densely in the shoulders and along the spine.

The relationship of high levels of hormone and alopecia

Why do men go bald with high hormone levels? Speaking about the high level of testosterone and hair loss in men, experts have not yet come to a consensus, have not found a relationship.

Because the latest research in America, conducted on several thousand patients, showed that the level of hormone in the bulbs of the head is almost the same for all. Therefore, the growth of hair is not affected by testosterone, but by sensitivity to it.

Therefore, an excess can lead to the fact that testosterone begins to inhibit and destroy the structure of the bulbs, especially when taking anabolics, artificial drugs. Therefore, treatment with aggressive medications does not give a result.

Important! It was also concluded that prostate cancer and problems with the adrenal glands lead to a change in hormone levels, so bald patients are more than 20% more.

Treatment due to normalization of indicators

We immediately emphasize that certain methods for the treatment of baldness due to unstable testosterone do not exist. More often, therapy is aimed at converting the hormone into dihydrotestosterone using hormonal tablets. Treatment may be unsafe because stopping the medication will return symptoms.

You must also follow the following rules:

  • Watch for food, refuse fatty and smoked foods.
  • Watch for hygiene.
  • Change the comb.
  • Choose natural, organic shampoos and hair conditioners.
  • Give up bad habits.

You can also purchase decoctions and masks to stimulate hair growth.

Particularly effective are 5-alpha reductase inhibitors - substances that stimulate the production of the hormone without an adverse reaction of the body.

You can also use the following recipes:

  1. Rub castor or sea buckthorn oil into the hair roots, covering your head with a towel. Repeat the procedure three to four times a week.
  2. Rinse your hair with a decoction based on onion peel, burdock or linden.
  3. Make a mask of yolk and vegetable oil (1 tablespoon). They need to be mixed and applied to clean hair, rubbing into the roots. Hold the mask for 20 minutes, and then rinse with clean water.

Conclusion

Hair loss or their abundant growth in men is associated with the hormone testosterone, therefore, treatment of the problem should be controlled by a doctor. Indeed, in the future, problems may affect not only the hairline, but also the functions of the genitals, the immune system, kidneys and heart.

Remember that testosterone can affect the hair and condition of the bulbs of each man in different ways, since the question is individual, the symptoms sometimes do not match. Therefore, be careful, lead a healthy lifestyle and do not forget about personal hygiene.

Is it true that strength training enhances the chance of baldness? What factors really affect baldness, and how to find out if it threatens you in the future?

Who bald faster?

It is believed that on average from 100 to 150 thousand hairs are on the person’s head, for blondes there are more of them, for brunettes and red ones - less. About 100 hairs fall out daily, but new ones grow in their place. If the hair does not grow, then the person goes bald.

Approximately 25% of men over the age of 30 have varying degrees of hair loss. Among men over 60, more than 70% are either bald or begin to lose hair. The medical term for baldness is alopecia.

Baldness and steroids

In addition, the use of steroid drugs that cause a sharp increase in testosterone levels in the body, in many cases leads to hair loss - this is another confirmation that steroids are not so harmless.

A predisposition to baldness is laid at the DNA level and transmitted along the male line. Exercise is likely not to accelerate hair loss. In the following articles, read about how to deal with baldness.

Specific therapy

Specific therapy involves the immediate elimination of the cause that caused baldness.

The second specific link that can be affected is 5-alpha reductase. But 5-alpha reductase inhibitors should be used only under the strict supervision of the attending physician, since these drugs have a number of side effects. They can provoke gynecomastia, slow or stop sperm maturation, and be a risk factor for malignant neoplasms. One representative of 5-alpha reductase blockers is Finasteride.

Nonspecific therapy

Nonspecific therapy is aimed at symptomatic treatment. Basically, external products are used that will help improve local blood supply, and help to nourish the external hair with useful components.

Examples of nonspecific therapy include:

  • electrical effects on the scalp D’arsonvalem,
  • scalp massage
  • acupuncture,
  • active serum electrophoresis,
  • applying nourishing hair masks.

Recently, a surgical technique has been developed to combat androgenetic alopecia - hair follicle transplantation using the STRIP and FUE method.

FAQ on baldness

Is it true that early bald men have higher levels of testosterone?

Testosterone itself has no effect on the hair follicles. With normal testosterone in the blood, its active form, dihydrotestosterone, can be increased. This is due to a set of reasons that are indicated in the article.

Is it possible to cure androgenetic alopecia without resorting to special means?

Unfortunately, folk methods or simply hope and time cannot cure alopecia.

Will vitamins help with androgenetic alopecia?

Vitamins from baldness will only slightly slow down the thinning of the hair shaft.

Combing, wearing hats contributes to hair loss?

Not. Combing, on the contrary, enhances blood flow and improves the nutrition of the bulb.

Will a hair transplant help? For a long time? How much does this procedure cost?

A hair transplant will not solve the problem. These bulbs will begin to die in a new way. Complex hormonal treatment with a transplant for a long time will deprive the problem of baldness. The procedure costs about 10,000 rubles.

What is the relationship between testosterone levels and male pattern baldness?

Most men over 30 suffer from common problems: baldness, hair loss, and thinning of the beard. Many attribute this to nutrition problems, vitamin deficiency or stress, but more often the hormone testosterone is to blame.

After all, he is responsible for the level of hairiness of a strong half of humanity.

Its excess or deficiency can affect the general condition of the hormonal system and the appearance of a man.

Increased Testosterone and Baldness

“Bald head is sexual” - this phrase is unlikely to calm a man who has found bald spots in himself. No matter how strange it may sound, hair loss is a natural and planned process. About 100 hairs fall out within 24 hours, while new ones grow in their place, but provided that there are no health problems.

By nature, it so happened that men, at some point, begin to lose a significant amount of hair, and this indicates the process of baldness that has begun. By the age of 25, you can notice a thinning of the forehead, crown and crown. Therefore, experts have identified three main causes of baldness: a person’s age, genetic predisposition, and hormones. Based on these factors, we will examine how the alopecia and testosterone levels are interconnected.

Testosterone - the cause of baldness: truth or myth

On average, about 1/3 of the male population faces alopecia by age 45. At age 65, all men are susceptible to this phenomenon. At the same time, do not forget about early baldness, which is associated with human genes that are extremely sensitive to dihydrotestosterone (DHT, DHT). When testosterone is transformed into DHT, it reduces the hair follicle, and this leads to thinning and weakening of the hair. It is important to understand that the bulb does not die completely, so its growth can be restored.

Testosterone can be fixed in human blood in a variety of forms. Muscle tissue uses the free kind of hormone. Other tissues, on the contrary, require transformed dihydrotestosterone. It can be achieved with 5-alpha reductose. In addition, in the blood it is able to adhere to albumin.

Therefore, the general indicator of testosterone is displayed only after measuring all its forms and relationships.

Some experts are of the opinion that early alopecia can befall a person not only because of heredity, but also because of the high concentration of testosterone in the blood. They draw on experience from over 2,000 men between the ages of 41 and 47 years. Experts have identified a relationship between early alopecia, high levels of testosterone and the risk of tumor neoplasms. But the data has not been confirmed.

Studies prove that men who have experienced alopecia and those who have yet to have it have the level of “male hormone” at the same level. Therefore, the theory that a man without a hair on his head is an insatiable lover is a myth. The thing is that with early alopecia, the hair follicle becomes hypersensitive to the influence of hormones.

A study in Michigan confirmed that men who are bald early (30-35 years old) significantly reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

The likelihood of male pattern baldness during hormone surges

Low testosterone levels can cause baldness, but mostly in the chest, face, arms, back, and legs.

You can also fix:

  • Very tired.
  • Stress.
  • Sharp weight loss or, conversely, its weight gain.
  • Breast growth.
  • Decreased libido and erection.

The journal of Andrology is of the opinion that the cause of baldness is a malfunction in the hormonal system, which means that there is a direct relationship with free testosterone. It is a decrease in the concentration of this type of hormone that leads to alopecia of the frontal part of men.

Testosterone is formed in the testes and adrenal cortex, its concentration is about 11-33 nanomol / liter, but only with normal development. It is part of the process of the formation of male signs, which are manifested in sexual desire, sperm excretion, muscle building, etc.

Interestingly, the amount of testosterone is not transmitted to the offspring, but it is precisely the hypersensitivity of the hair follicles to one of its forms, DHT, that is inherited.

Baldness does not occur instantly, as well as a change in the level of hormones in the body of men, gradually hair:

  • Thins out.
  • Discolored.
  • It is getting shorter.
  • Its growth is slowing down.

If you do not see a doctor in time, then after a dozen years you can notice that the "nests" of the follicles are overgrown and connective tissue has formed in place of the mouths. In this situation, even guns of hair will not be able to break through, and treatment will be pointless.

There is no single way to treat male pattern baldness that provides a guaranteed result. Alopecia of this kind is treated by preventing the conversion of the free form of the hormone into dihydrostestosterone. They use hormonal drugs, Finasteride has proven itself well. Since the bulbs are not yet completely extinct, there is a good chance to restore the perfect hair. But first, you should visit a doctor. For men, he will prescribe tests to detect hormone levels to understand at what stage alopecia is.

An extreme way to get rid of baldness is hair transplantation. The option is quite painful and expensive, in addition, it takes many months to recover. For men, this is not the best option.

How are testosterone and baldness related in men

In many men, after 30 years, their hair begins to thin. Someone associates this with a lack of vitamins, stress, poor nutrition. Although often the main factor that provokes a decrease in the density of hair is the level of sex hormone. The question of how testosterone and baldness in men are related is of interest to many.

Watch the video: Male Patern Baldness Causes and Hair Loss (February 2020).

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