Prostatitis and Prostate Adenoma
The older the man, the risk prostatitis more.
Prostate inflammation - A disease that affects mainly men from twenty to fifty-five years.
In the article you will find signs prostatitis and prostate adenomas in men and where to go.
Symptoms of prostatitis and prostate adenomas in men
At an early stage of prostatitis, the gland functions are activated. Along with the onset of inflammation is tissue regeneration.
At the initial stage prostatitis it is rarely possible to unambiguously recognize, because sometimes it is asymptomatic, and its symptoms are individual for each patient and change over time.
To such featured relate:
- A patient losing interest to sex. Difficulties with arousal of the penis during attempts to enter into sexual contact. Orgasm is achieved with difficulty, or weak, or completely disappears.
- Man is experiencing slight difficulties with urine output in the toilet. The gland gradually increases, the channel for urine is compressed.
At the same time at night sometimes spontaneously occurs long erection and painful ejaculationnot related to having sex. Observing these phenomena, the patient calms down, believing that he has a good potency, problems, in his opinion, are associated with the partner, their relationship. He is possessed depression, which exacerbates the development of the disease.
The first degree of development of prostate adenoma is manifested in a sharp increase in urge to urinate. At this stage, the volume of the muscles of the bladder increases.
Urination accompanied by ever-increasing muscle effort. Lower abdomen grow discomfort. A man develops chronic fatigue. Ejaculation is difficult.
In the second stage of adenoma, the urine becomes permanent. Residual urine accumulates in the bladder; it is not completely released.
In the third stage of the disease, urine is excreted drop by drop. The kidneys and ureter expand sharply. Urge to stop urinating. The bladder loses its function.
Diagnosis of adenoma is carried out by passing tests, rectal digital examination of the prostate. Ultrasound, urofloimetry is prescribed to patients. The size of the adenoma is determined by ultrasound.
For uroflowmetry the patient urinates on an apparatus that determines the time of urination, the strength of the stream, the amount of urine. The patient donates blood for PSA to distinguish between adenomas and prostate cancer. If in doubt, a prostate biopsy is done.
Signs of disease at an early stage
Acute prostatitis symptomatically differs from chronic. Its signs:
- Temperature for no apparent reason sometimes rises to 38-39 degreeswith parenchymal prostatitis - up to 40 ° C.
- Dysuria comes to impossibilities urinate.
- Perineal pains become especially intense.
- Patient covers chillshe is experiencing nausea before vomiting.
- Having trouble with defecation.
Consider the signs below. dhp and chronic prostatitis:
At chronic inflammation pains are mild, arise and subside periodically in the perineum, are given in the lower back, pubis.
Heavy sweating, especially in the perineum.
Violation of sexual function becomes permanent.
In the morning there is a discharge prostate secretion instead of urine. The pain is mainly aching, it spreads to the sacral region, suprapubic, rectum, penis.
The rate of development of sexual disorders depends on the degree of involvement in the process of pathology of the seminal tubercle, seminal vesicles located next to the prostate. With a prolonged course of the initial stage of the disease in men, the intensity of production decreases sex hormones.
Young men in such cases often panic, fear the sexual act. Fear of "disgrace", not being able to take the necessary actions with a partner leads to neurosis, which further worsens sexual function.
Sexual disorders arise with an excess of female hormones in the body of a man, a lack of male hormones. They can also be the result of latent asymptomatic inflammation of the prostate, not previously detected. Their development sometimes leads to infertility of men.
The main signs of prostate inflammation
There is a certain difficulty for the doctor and patient to relate the listed symptoms to the disease prostate. They can be caused by experienced stress (especially if there are reasons), with a conflict in personal life.
More confidently connect them with prostatitisif other symptoms follow:
- The patient is experiencing pain in the groin, eggs, perineum, lower back.
- Urinate it is required more often, especially at night, this process is all the more painful, the result of attempts to empty the bladder is becoming more insignificant.
- The selection begins slime from the urethra.
- Is rising temperature.
These symptoms slowly increase for a year, two, three. Worst of all, they have the nature of a chain reaction: due to the increase in negative phenomena in the prostate gland, a man not only does not find satisfaction, but he is also not able to satisfy his sexual partner.
Because of this, sexual contact is becoming less common, which causes circulatory system in the pelvic area. Such stagnation, in turn, is one of the reasons prostatitis.
What else can these symptoms talk about?
The described symptoms do not necessarily indicate a disease specifically prostatitis.
They also accompany kidney diseases, infections of the urethra, sexually transmitted diseases and other diseases.
Urethritis - The most common disease in men.
This is an infection in the urethra caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi.
They become infected mainly through sexual contact. Sometimes the infection waits a long time in the body for a convenient hour and manifests itself when the immunity is weakened.
The reasons for its decline are the same that cause non-bacterial prostatitis: hypothermia, bad habits, chaotic sexual behavior, abuse of acidic, spicy, salty foods, stress, physical activity, etc.
What exactly do you have inflamed: prostate or urethra (or both), tests, an ultrasound scan will show. Based on them, the doctor will give diagnosis.
As with any disease, the sooner you identify prostatitisthe sooner you heal him. Neglect of early symptoms, even if implicit, brings frivolous patients to the surgeon's desk. Better to take action in a timely manner.
Who to contact?
When symptoms appear prostatitis, adenomas in men, you need to make an appointment with a urologist who will refer the patient to tests, according to their results diagnoses (or not) the disease, its type.
The identification of treatment is also crucial. ethology of prostatitis: bacterial or not. Non-Infectious Prostatitis treated with antibiotics, for example, is not only useless, but also very harmful to the body.
The doctor directs primary measures to restore normal urination.To do this, urgently need to reduce the size of the prostate gland, which compresses the channel of the urethra and prevents urine from leaving. Gland muscle relaxation can be achieved, for example, prostate massage.
Prostate massage - A procedure requiring special qualifications of a massage therapist. Its performance by an amateur is fraught with serious complications, irreversible damage to internal organs.
For treatment bacterial prostatitis an antibiotic administration course, rectal suppositories are prescribed.
You must understand that harmful microorganisms can not be destroyed by folk remedies, physical exercises, physical procedures and diet.
These methods will help to cure or will be necessary during the period of remission.
At the same time, for the treatment of abacterial prostatitis, their combination may be sufficient for a complete cure without "chemistry", that is, pharmaceutical medicines. It all depends on the stage of the disease, the individual characteristics of the patient’s body, the experience of the doctor.
If the disease has emerged from the stage of exacerbation, there is no more infection, the patient needs to:
- start as soon as possible regular sex life,
- eliminate bad habits. Eat a diet for patients with prostatitis, prostate adenoma,
- move more, do sports. Perform special exercises for men.
Now you know the symptoms prostate adenomas and chronic prostatitis. If you find them at home, it’s best to consult a doctor right away so that there are no complications!
What is prostate adenoma?
Prostate adenoma is a benign neoplasm of the paraurethral glands located around the urethra in its prostatic section. The main symptom of prostate adenoma is a violation of urination due to the gradual compression of the urethra by one or more growing nodules.
With adenoma, an increase in the organ occurs, which provokes compression of the bladder and urethra. This disrupts the flow of urine and leads to the accumulation of residual urine. Additionally, a man may develop a genital tract infection, urolithiasis, and cancer. The increase is painless, which is dangerous for a quick diagnosis of the disease.
The second heart of a man
The prostate is called the "second heart" of a man, because the heart makes it possible to live, and the prostate gland - live with pleasure.
They say that in the scale of male fears, diseases of this organ take second place after heart diseases. And the effect of prostate problems on quality of life is comparable to myocardial infarction.
And although it does not directly affect potency, sexual dysfunctions against the background of her illnesses are not uncommon. It is a fact.
The most popular male diseases are prostatitis and prostate adenoma.
If prostate adenoma in most cases occurs at the age of 50+, then prostatitis can occur even in adolescents.
Let's see how the prostate gland works. I will not load you with unnecessary information, only the most important thing is that you understand the causes and pathogenesis of the most common prostate diseases.
How does the prostate gland work?
The prostate is a small organ located in the pelvic cavity that resembles a chestnut in appearance. Her weight is normal - about 20 grams.
Above it is the bladder, from which the urethra (urethra) goes directly into the thickness of the gland. The prostate is "planted" on him, like a piece of meat on a skewer.
What follows from this?
And the fact that if it is swollen and enlarged, it will squeeze the urethra, its diameter will decrease, and urine will meet an obstruction on its way from the bladder. Therefore, one of the symptoms of prostate disease is a weak, sometimes even intermittent, stream of urine.
In severe cases, the outflow of urine may completely stop. This is an acute condition requiring emergency care.
The rectum is located behind the prostate gland. For this reason, with inflammation of the prostate, pain can be felt in the anus. So keep in mind, dear pharmaceutical workers: if the buyer tells you that he has a pain in the rectum or something like that, do not rush to offer him candles for hemorrhoids.
Ask him clarifying questions. By the way, which ones?
The gland is separated from the rectum by a thin layer of fatty tissue. In this regard, through the rectum, a urologist can feel it, evaluate its density, size, contours.
And there is also such a procedure as prostate massage, which is performed rectally due to its proximity to the rectum.
The basis of the gland is ... glands. There are 30-50 of them, collected in slices. Since these are glands, then they produce a secret that must be secreted somewhere.
And there is. The glands have ducts through which the secret at the time of orgasm enters the urethra (urethra).
There are muscle fibers around the glands. With orgasm, they contract and drive the secret into the ducts, and from them into the urethra.
The prostate is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue, which forms partitions that go deep into it.
What does the prostate gland do?
It performs 5 functions:
The first one. The secretion of the gland liquefies sperm, provides sperm motility, supplies them with energy so that they can run to the egg and fertilize it. He is also responsible for their viability, so that they are able to cant for some time in the fallopian tubes in anticipation of a slower and such non-punctual female person. If it were not for the secret of the prostate, they would have died there immediately. From here it is not difficult to guess that one of the causes of infertility may be a disease of the prostate gland, in which the secretion is disrupted.
The second one. Thanks to muscle fibers, the prostate gland is responsible for the release of secretions during ejaculation.
The third. It plays the role of a valve, blocking the access of urine to the urethra when excited. Otherwise, embarrassment could happen at the crucial moment.
For the same reason, within a few minutes after sex, a man cannot urinate.
Fourth. The secretion of the prostate gland contains biologically active substances, thanks to which the infection does not penetrate from the urethra higher into other organs of the genitourinary system.
Fifth. The enzyme 5-alpha reductase is produced in the prostate gland. Under the influence of her male sex hormone, testosterone passes into dihydrotestosterone, which is 10 times stronger than its predecessor. It has a major effect on the sexual function of men.
Do you know how to suspect a decrease in testosterone levels in men?
Just measure your waist circumference! It should be less than 94 cm.
You ask: “What does testosterone have to do with it?”
As it turned out, there is mutual responsibility between testosterone and fat.
The first provides the burning of the second.
And if, thanks to a computer and fast-food lifestyle, fat began to be deposited on the stomach, adipose tissue begins to work as an organ of the endocrine system. It produces the hormone leptin, which leads to lower testosterone levels.
Prostate: what is it?
The prostate, also known as the prostate, is an organ located just below the bladder. The main purpose of the prostate is the production of a specific secret, which is part of the semen. The secret of the prostate gland, determining the consistency of the ejaculate (in particular, contributing to its dilution), contains vitamins, enzymes, immunoglobulin, zinc ions, etc.
The prostate gland for men is the “second heart”, which is responsible for sexual function, psycho-emotional state and general health.
The main functions of the prostate gland include:
- sperm liquefaction - due to this, sperm cells acquire active motility and generally become viable,
- secretion - in its composition it has enzymes, proteins, fats and hormones, without which the reproductive system will not function normally,
- ejection of the seed - the smooth muscles of the prostate gland are capable of contracting, which ensures the entry of the seed into the urethra, and this is how ejaculation occurs.
Prostate adenoma develops and grows gradually. Although this disease is found mainly among older men, the initial symptoms can be detected as early as 30-40 years. It is interesting that at first the cell nodules are massively formed and only after a long time they begin to grow in size.
- The first group includes causes due to a person’s lifestyle, which increase the likelihood of overgrowing the prostate. For example, it can be sedentary work or active mental stress in the absence of physical activity. That is why the role of regular exercise is hard to overestimate.
- The second group includes objective reasons that are independent of a person’s lifestyle. It is proved that prostate adenoma occurs due to changes in the hormonal background of men. Given that these changes inevitably occur in old age, we can conclude that only some men have the happiness to avoid problems with the prostate gland.
There are a number of concomitant factors that can contribute to the development of adenoma. These include:
- Excess weight (the accumulation of adipose tissue contributes to the production of female hormones),
- Hereditary factor
- Smoking and alcohol abuse
- Inflammatory processes in the kidneys and urethra,
- Lack of exercise and malnutrition,
- High blood pressure.
Adenoma Symptom Groups
The appearance of adenoma is mainly characteristic of men after 50 years. Under the influence of hormonal changes in the body, iron loses its functionality and increases in size (therefore, for older men, an increase in PSA to 6 ng / ml is normal). In young men, adenoma develops rarely, usually as a result of background endocrine pathology. In old age, the symptoms are more pronounced, since the compensatory functions of the organs are reduced.
The formation of an adenoma begins with a small nodule, which grows over time, absorbing more and more functional tissue of the prostate, displacing it to the walls of the capsule of the gland. Gradually, the prostate becomes a continuous adenomatous node, which presses on neighboring organs, provoking certain symptoms.
Signs of adenoma appear depending on the prevalence of the process and the duration of its course. The main groups of symptoms:
- Pathological changes in the lower urinary tract
- Disorders of the kidneys, upper urinary tract,
- Complications of adenoma
The prostate is closely associated with the bladder, so the symptoms are primarily associated with urination. Adenomatous nodes sooner or later begin to put pressure on the prostatic part of the urethra, causing a blockage of the urethra under the bladder - at this time the clinical picture of the disease appears. Symptoms are due to two factors:
- Static - mechanical compression of the urethra. Causes obstructive symptoms of adenoma.
- Dynamic - irritation, hyperactivity of the alpha receptors of the bladder neck. Provokes a violation of reflexes.
Urethral compression occurs problems with emptying the bladder: sluggish jet, intermittently interrupted. To push urine, one has to push, at the end drops are still released for a long time. However, these problems do not begin immediately.The first sign is an increase in urination time, a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder. This happens when you have to endure the urge for too long, and then the urination process becomes exhausted: you have to push urine in portions.
The second group of symptoms is associated with a violation of the functionality of the walls of the bladder, the contractility of its muscles. Normally, urine should not stagnate for a long time, but complete and timely emptying does not occur due to a squeezed urethra. In response to this, the urinary bladder detrusor (the muscle that expels the urine) becomes hyperactive and works even with little filling. As a result, the urge to urinate becomes unreasonably frequent (pollakiuria) and practically uncontrolled (it is impossible to tolerate adequately).
One of the leading symptoms of adenoma is nighttime urination more than 3 times (nocturia). However, in older men, this may also occur due to weakened kidney function. Gradually, their concentration ability decreases.
Types of Prostate Adenoma
According to the structure and location, three types of adenomas are distinguished:
- A tumor through the urethra penetrates into the bladder, deforming the internal sphincter and disrupting its function.
- The tumor increases towards the rectum, urination is impaired slightly, but the loss of contractility of the prostatic part of the urethra does not allow the bladder to be completely empty.
- With a uniform compaction of the prostate under the pressure of the adenoma without an increase in it, neither urinary retention in the bladder nor urination disorders are observed. This is the most favorable type of adenoma.
Diagnosis of prostate adenoma, especially in the initial stages, can only be done by a urologist. Signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia are very similar to symptoms of prostatitis, there are also problems with urination, so the patient can easily confuse the disease, and begin the wrong treatment.
First of all, the urologist interviews the patient and conducts an initial examination. The specialist palpates the bladder, and also feels the prostate through the rectum. Then the doctor prescribes to take the following tests:
- analysis of prostate secretion,
- urethral swab for infections,
- uroflowmetry - measurement of the speed of urine and its volume during urination,
- Ultrasound of the prostate to assess the size of the gland,
- analysis of prostatic antigen and biopsy of the gland to exclude a malignant tumor,
- general urine and blood tests.
After making the correct diagnosis, the doctor draws up a treatment plan. All drugs and procedures are selected individually, it all depends on the neglect of a particular case.
What is the difference between prostate adenoma and cancer
Often patients worry whether prostate adenoma can actually turn out to be a malignant tumor. As you know, prostate adenoma is a benign neoplasm that is rarely malignant, but hyperplasia can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.
The causes of prostate cancer have not yet been established. The appearance of a malignant tumor is associated with age-related hormonal changes, the consumption of carcinogens. And the symptoms of prostate cancer at the initial stage are very similar to the signs of adenoma, patients also experience frequent urination, and a stream of urine is weakened.
With cancer, the patient is worried about severe pain in the affected area, he becomes pale, depleted in appearance. With prostate adenoma, usually, in addition to problems with urination, no signs are observed until the kidneys are disturbed.
Prostate cancer is a very insidious disease that develops slowly and imperceptibly, and then kills the man. Therefore, at the age of 45-50 years, you need to become a regular customer of a urologist, visiting him regularly.And with urination disorders, you must immediately go to the hospital to exclude the presence of a malignant tumor. The sooner cancer treatment begins, the more chances a man has of surviving.
Conservative treatment of prostate adenoma
What kind of treatment will be prescribed depends on the stage of the disease and the severity of problems with urination. If the disorders are not severe, then conservative therapy will be prescribed, which consists in taking medications.
Medications for treating prostate adenoma in men:
- Finasteride and other 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
- Doxazolin and other alpha-blockers.
- Gentamicin and other antibiotics.
- Probiotics for the restoration of intestinal microflora, for example, Linex.
- Blood circulation medications, for example, Trenal.
Combined drug therapy can reduce the size of the prostate gland and restore blood circulation, as well as relieve the inflammatory process, improve the nutrition of prostate tissues. In complex treatment, vitamins and immunomodulators are also prescribed.
Surgery for prostate adenoma
An operation to remove prostate adenoma is prescribed in cases where urination disorders are very pronounced, and the tumor itself is large. Also, surgical intervention is indicated for those patients who did not benefit from conservative drug therapy.
Most often, the operation to remove the prostate is carried out using a laser. With such an operation, small blood loss and tissue trauma are observed, and the sexual function of the man is preserved. In addition, even a sufficiently large prostate adenoma can be removed with a laser.
A transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR of the prostate) can also be performed. This is an operation without incisions, which is performed through the urethra. Such an operation is quite complicated, it requires the high professionalism of the doctor.
Sometimes it happens that the operation cannot be performed if the patient has various concomitant diseases, for example, heart failure. In this case, a catheter is inserted into the urethra to ensure the outflow of urine.
Many patients are interested in the consequences of surgery after removal of prostate adenoma. After surgery, TUR of the prostate adenoma may cause bleeding with the need for blood transfusion and reoperation if clots form inside.
Also, after surgery, infections, problems with urination, erectile dysfunction and ejaculation are possible. To avoid such consequences, the patient is prescribed drug therapy.
Treatment with folk remedies
Many patients are interested in the treatment of prostate adenoma without surgery, and even better at home. A tumor in the prostate gland is a very serious disorder that requires examination and treatment under the supervision of a doctor if the patient needs his life.
Treatment with folk remedies for prostate adenoma can not be carried out, unless otherwise recommended by a urologist. Because any tumor, even the most harmless, always has a chance to become malignant.
Acceptance of dubious tinctures and funds can be an impetus for malignancy. In complex treatment, herbal preparations and extracts can be used, but only with the permission of the attending physician.
Complications of prostate adenoma
Prostate adenoma requires timely treatment, because the disease causes a number of serious complications:
- chronic renal failure
- acute urinary retention
- blood may appear in the urine,
- varicose veins of the neck of the bladder,
- bladder tamponade,
- stones in the bladder and kidneys due to stagnation of urine,
- inflammatory diseases of the prostate, urethra, kidneys and other pelvic organs,
- erectile disfunction.
Most of these complications are accompanied by acute pain, fever. And for treatment, an urgent surgical operation is needed.
There are no special measures to prevent prostate adenoma, since the exact cause of the disease is not known. To reduce the risk of complications as a result of the appearance of a tumor, regular preventive examinations should be regularly performed by an andrologist. Examination will help identify prostate adenoma at an early stage of its appearance.
Doctors recommend that men follow these tips to reduce the risk of pathologies of the genitourinary system:
- Go in for sports to avoid stagnant processes in the prostate.
- Have sex regularly if an erection is present.
- Eat properly, take vitamins if your doctor recommends.
- Do not abuse alcohol and smoking.
The right way of life is the key to the health of the reproductive system and the whole organism.
Prostate adenoma in men is a very unpleasant disease that violates the quality of life and the psychological state of the patient. Do not be afraid of surgery, it is better to suffer a few days than to suffer for the rest of your life from kidney pain and problems with urination. Proper treatment of prostate adenoma helps not only restore normal urination, but also maintain sexual function.
Symptoms depending on the stage and type of adenoma
The development of adenoma takes place in several stages, each of which is characterized by its own group of symptoms:
- Compensated. In addition to increased urination (mainly at night), other symptoms initially do not occur. Later, a stream of urine begins to lose pressure and eventually flows steeply, without an arc. The stage is called compensated, since hypertrophied (enlarged due to constant tension) muscles of the walls of the bladder are still able to completely expel urine. The duration of this period can be up to 10 years.
- Subcompensated. Adenomatous nodes press from below on the bladder, which disrupts blood circulation in its walls. Irreversible changes occur in their structure - stretching, the formation of sections of inelastic connective tissue. The lumen of the urethra becomes narrower, the urine comes out with difficulty and not completely, the volume of residual increases. Due to the pressure created by it, the upper ureters gradually expand. As a result, infections penetrate the kidneys, under pressure, their functional tissue (parenchyma) dies off, and toxins accumulate. As a result, symptoms of kidney failure are added: weakness, fatigue, swelling, nausea, smell of acetone from the mouth, increased irritability, constant thirst.
- Decompensated. The bladder is almost uncontrolled. It is stretched, full of urine, muscles do not contract. The desire to empty it is now constantly present, but urine is released so slowly that the muscles of the press get tired. Arbitrary leakage may occur. Severe abdominal pain is often added to the symptoms. The patient's condition worsens sharply due to renal dysfunction, urgent medical attention is needed.
The severity of symptoms depends not so much on the size of the adenoma, but on the direction of its growth. There are three forms of adenoma:
- Subvesical (intratrigonal). Growth is directed towards the rectum. There is no problem with urination, but due to flattening of the bottom of the bladder, pressure changes in it, which negatively affects the condition of the upper ureters and kidneys.
- The prevesical (retrotrigonal) is the most hidden form in terms of symptoms. Lobes of the gland grow in the lateral directions, the bladder rises slightly, changing the angle of inclination of the ureters. Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of urination are almost unchanged.
- Intravesical (intravesical) is the most dangerous form, characterized by a rapid increase in symptoms. The tumor moves towards the bladder, pressing into it and deforming the neck.The main symptom is difficulty, and sometimes even impossible urination.
The adenoma may be small, but if it grows inside the bladder, then the symptoms will appear quickly, and the deterioration will actively progress.
Symptoms of prostate adenoma in men
There are two groups of symptoms of prostate adenoma: irritative and obstructive.
The first group of symptoms in prostate adenoma includes:
- increased urination
- persistent (imperative) urination,
- urinary incontinence.
The group of obstructive symptoms characteristic of prostate adenoma include:
- difficulty urinating
- delayed onset and increased urination time,
- feeling of incomplete emptying,
- urination with an intermittent sluggish stream,
- the need for straining.
The first signs that you need to pay attention to:
- The first signs of prostate adenoma are a sluggish stream of urine, an increased urge to urinate, which does not always end with an empty bladder.
- As the tumor becomes serious, the patient no longer has a desire to find out what causes prostate adenoma, he is more concerned with how to get rid of troubling symptoms. Urination becomes difficult, you need to strain to urinate, to connect the muscles of the press.
With the complication of prostate adenoma and its transition to a severe stage, all symptoms will intensify, which will negatively affect the patient's life. In aggravated cases, only surgery can help, which is why it is so important to pay attention to the symptoms. Even if they are repeated 1-2 times, a full examination is required.
Prostate adenoma in men goes through several stages, each of which is accompanied by increasing signs and complications.
Symptoms of adenoma complications
A large volume of residual stagnant concentrated urine is a favorable soil for the development of infections. They can penetrate through the urethra or blood, causing cystitis. The walls of the bladder become inflamed, ulcerations appear in places, as a result, urination becomes not only frequent, but also painful. In the urine, blood impurities (hematuria) can be periodically observed. In the area of the bladder, discomfort is constantly present, intensifying during and after urination.
The infection can begin to spread both down, causing urethritis, and up in the kidneys. In the latter case, pyelonephritis develops, accompanied by lower back pain, swelling, and fever.
Click on image to enlarge
With complete closure of the ureter, acute urinary retention occurs. Severe pain due to overstretching of the bladder (noticeable protrusion of the abdomen), nausea, vomiting, spotting with drops of urine, fever.
With prolonged development of adenomas in the residual urine, stones (cystolithiasis) begin to form. The most dangerous thing is if one of them blocks the lumen of the ureter. In some cases, small stones begin to come out through the urethra, causing severe pain and bleeding.
The most characteristic changes in urination of this stage are:
- more frequent
- less free
- not as intense as before (the urine stream no longer has the appearance of a characteristic parabola, but falls almost vertically).
As the prostate grows further and the urethra is compressed, the following symptoms appear:
- increased urination during the day,
- decrease in urine output,
- the increase in cases of an irresistible desire to urinate (the so-called imperative urges),
- involvement of auxiliary muscles: the patient, for better emptying, occasionally strains the abdomen at the beginning or at the end of urination.
Subcompensated - an increase in the prostate reached levels when it began to strongly affect the function of the bladder to remove urine from the body. Violations occur:
- bladder emptying occurs in portions,
- the walls of the bubble increase in thickness,
- there is a delay in part of the urine,
- when the bladder overflows, involuntary urination may occur,
- urine may be cloudy and contain blood impurities.
Stage 3 prostate adenoma - decompensated
There is a decrease in the contractility of the bladder to the minimum limits, an increase in residual urine can be about two liters. It is also important to sharply stretch the bladder, in which its contours are visible in the form of an oval or in a spherical shape, reaching the navel, and in some cases, rising much higher.
Meanwhile, at night, and after and during the daytime, urine is systematically or constantly excreted, this happens in an involuntary way, due to drops of an overflowing bladder.
Concomitant symptoms of adenoma:
- nausea and lack of appetite,
- thirst and dry mouth.
Implications for a man
Complications of prostate adenoma:
- Acute urinary retention. A complication appears at stages 2 or 3 of the disease due to compression of the urethra by a hypertrophied prostate gland.
- Urinary tract inflammation. Stagnant processes in the bladder lead to the growth of bacteria. They provoke the development of cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis.
- Urolithiasis disease. Incomplete emptying of the bladder leads to the appearance of microliths, stones, or mineral deposits in it. They can cause blockage of the bladder, urinary retention.
- Hematuria The appearance of red blood cells in the urine, which is caused by varicose veins of the neck of the bladder.
It would not be an exaggeration to say that the successful diagnosis of prostate adenoma directly depends on the patient. At the very early stages, it is the survey that can give those indicators by which the specialist will be able to suspect the presence of the disease.
Diagnostics consists of:
- The doctor conducts a digital examination of the prostate.
- In order to assess the severity of symptoms of prostate adenoma, the patient is asked to fill out a urination diary.
- A study of the secretion of the prostate and smears from the urethra is performed to exclude infectious complications.
- An ultrasound of the prostate is performed, during which the volume of the prostate gland is determined, stones and areas with congestion are detected, the amount of residual urine, the condition of the kidneys and urinary tract are evaluated.
PSA analysis for prostate adenoma is an important indicator in determining the degree of disease and the appointment of treatment. Such a study is recommended for every man over 40 years old, it diagnoses any abnormalities in the prostate and helps to identify even cancer of the prostate adenoma.
What is the prostate?
The prostate or prostate gland is an organ of the male urogenital system, consisting of two lobes separated by an isthmus. Located next to the rectum in the pelvic area.
The main task of the gland is highlight a specific secret, which is involved in the production of sperm, increases their motility and helps to move through the channels until ejaculation. The prostate plays an important role in the formation of male libido.
This disease is a gland inflammation. By its nature, it is acute and chronic.
The first occurs due to infection by bacteria from the genitourinary system. This is possible with its various diseases, for example, with cystitis and during intercourse (infection). The organ becomes inflamed, becomes larger, pinches the urinary tract and creates problems with urination. Body temperature rises to 38-39 degrees, and with more complex forms and up to 40 degrees Celsius. Hiking to the toilet is difficult, urine is not excreted, bowel movements are complicated. Nausea, chills, severe pain and weakness are observed.
Chronic prostatitis often causes prostate adenoma. Sometimes the disease does not manifest itself immediately, proceeds without symptoms, after which its detection is a surprise or an acute attack begins.
You can also earn prostatitis as a result of injuries, hypothermia, hormonal imbalance and a rare sexual life.
The full name of the disease is benign prostatic hyperplasia. In addition to chronic prostatitis, problems such as:
- Decreased immunity.
- Disruption of the organs of the endocrine system.
- The onset of menopause.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Kidney disease.
- Irregular sex life.
- Bad habits, including eating.
The disease is represented by two forms:
- Fibro-muscular. The process develops in the connective tissues of the organ.
- Glandular. The focus of the disease is located in the epithelium.
Treatment of prostatitis
First you need to ensure that the patient can easily go to the toilet. For this, the doctor prescribes a massage of the prostate gland. Manipulation can only be carried out by a qualified specialist. In case of improper actions, serious consequences can occur.
When prostatitis is bacterial in nature, it must be treated with antibiotics. As a rule, rectal suppositories are used in this case.
After the exacerbation goes away, the patient should:
- Restore regular sex.
- Get rid of bad habits.
- Follow a special diet.
- To live an active lifestyle.
- To do "male" gymnastics.
Prostate Adenoma Treatment
It is impossible to cure prostate adenoma with a medication. Perhaps only slow down the growth of the tumor. For these purposes, the following drugs are used: alpha-blockers (expand the urethra) and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (reduce the size of the diseased organ and slow down the growth of tumor tissue).
According to the following indications, patients are prescribed surgery:
- Urinary retention and bleeding.
- Renal failure and stones in the bladder.
- Frequent diseases of the genitourinary system of an infectious nature.
- Red blood cells in a urinalysis.
- A large amount of remaining fluid in the bladder after urination.
As a result of surgical procedures, the prostate is removed.
If it was possible to detect the disease at its first stages, then herbal remedies will help to cope with it: Permixon and Prostamol Uno.
To treat such serious diseases as prostatitis and prostate adenoma, you need to know everything about them. It is important to remember that at any stage, the disease can be brought into remission, if you turn to a specialist. And best of all, at the first signs of the disease, do not waste time and go to the hospital.
Similarities and differences in symptoms of adenoma and prostatitis
Adenoma is the proliferation of glandular tissues, and prostatitis is their inflammation. In both cases, difficulty urinating is possible. In acute prostatitis, the gland swells and squeezes the urethra, but the hallmark is the rapid development of symptoms and acute pain in the lower abdomen, fever, burning sensation during urination.
With adenoma, a decrease in erectile function is weakly expressed, and with prostatitis - clearly. Acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate is accompanied by a deterioration in sperm count, infertility.
At the first sign of problems with urination, you should consult a urologist. The doctor can detect the adenoma by touch during palpation: both lobes of the prostate are rounded, the groove between them is smoothed.The same picture is observed with acute prostatitis, but hyperplastic gland is usually painless. Too small adenomas or located in the anterior palpation are not detected.
An inexpensive and informative diagnostic method is TRUS. With adenoma, an increase in the prostate is recorded in size (in 75% of cases in the anteroposterior direction). The structure of the formation itself is homogeneous (one color), there are areas of echo densification (light spots). An adenoma formed by fibrous tissue gives a bright echo (light color).
Even with an ultrasound, it can be difficult to distinguish a nodular adenoma from cancer, so the most accurate diagnostic method in such cases is MRI with contrast.
Prostate adenoma is a disease that involves a benign tumor. With this disease, small neoplasms - nodules - arise in the prostate area. They grow over time and squeeze the channel responsible for urination, disrupting this process.
Prostate adenoma in men often occurs at the age of forty to fifty years. Since this tumor is benign in nature, metastasis in this case cannot be. This is the main difference between adenoma and prostate cancer.
The main reasons for the origin of this disease include the restructuring of the male body with age. The level of male hormones (testosterone) begins to decline, and female (estrogen) - to grow.
Also, this disease should not be confused with prostatitis. Do not forget that a benign tumor is an adenoma of the prostate gland, but prostatitis is just inflammation. But one and the other is now perfectly treated.
Adenoma in an adult male can weigh about 160-280 mg. As for the size of this tumor, it can reach 25-45 mm in length, 22-40 mm in width and 10-23 mm in thickness. But each of these indicators can be different. Such parameters are purely individual.
It is also necessary to note that if you do not start treatment on time, then you may experience some complications of prostate adenoma, namely:
Urinary tract inflammation. For example, cystitis, kidney failure, or urethritis. Urine stagnates in the urinary tract, so various infections develop.
Urinary retention, which can occur if you have abused alcohol during adenoma, have become too cold, have to stay in bed, or have constipation.
In such cases, we recommend that you seek the help of a doctor.
3 degrees of prostate adenoma
There are three degrees of prostate adenoma:
Stage of compensation. At this stage, urine may be released in a too sluggish stream, you may experience a disturbance in the urination process, during sleep you may want to go to the toilet, and the process itself will be slightly disturbed. In general, this stage can last about twelve years. But this is a purely individual indicator. Therefore, for some, this stage can be delayed for a longer period, while for others - for a shorter period.
Stage of subcompensation. In this case, the function of the bladder will be somewhat impaired, and residual urine will appear in it. You will feel that your bladder is not completely empty. Often there will be a retention of urine, and sometimes an admixture of blood will be observed in the urine, the urine may become cloudy. Symptoms of kidney failure may join these symptoms. Also, the patient at this stage has to push during urination, therefore, prolapse of the rectum may occur. In this case, the bladder becomes inflamed.And some external factors can so negatively affect the patient’s health that he will have a complete lack of urine.
Stage decompensation. Renal function is completely impaired, and urine is cloudy and excreted along with drops of blood. Stagnant urine at this stage can be two liters. Because of this, patients are forced to use a special urinal during a trip to the toilet. In addition, over time, appetite will begin to lose, constipation appears and the temperature rises. Here, the patient immediately needs medical attention.
It is also worth noting that in order to avoid any consequences, it is necessary to consult a urologist as soon as possible with the manifestations of the first signs of the disease. And you should not delay a visit to the doctor, since the consequences of prostate adenoma can be very deplorable.
ICD code 10 prostate adenomas
Adenoma of the prostate gland in men has the ICD 10 encoding. This code does not include any diseases that can be sexually transmitted, or prostate diseases.
It should also be noted that according to the classification of prostate adenoma, ICD 10 belongs to the same group as other diseases directly related to urination problems. This can also include stagnation in the prostate gland, male infertility, stones, a variety of inflammatory processes, and so on.
The ICD code for prostate adenoma differs from any form of prostatitis. Classify diseases today in order to make it more convenient to distinguish between them, diagnose and prescribe treatment to patients.
ICD of prostate adenoma includes different names and stages of the disease and, unfortunately, does not reflect the whole picture of this disease. Therefore, in any case, with the onset of the first symptoms, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
What are the symptoms of prostate adenoma in men and treatment with its drugs
What drugs to prescribe, prostate adenoma in men, symptoms, treatment of this disease - all these issues are decided by the attending physician. The statistics are alarming: about 80% of men have urological diseases. In addition to cystitis, prostatitis, urethritis, haunts the strong sex of prostate adenoma.
Such a pathology appears due to an enlarged prostate, which occurs due to the development of an epithelial tumor. This tumor is benign, but, nevertheless, it affects the quality of life greatly. To prevent this from happening, you need to consult a doctor every six months and undergo examinations.
Symptoms at different stages of adenoma proliferation
The first signs of pathology of prostate adenoma develop in men not immediately. In the initial stages, there are no clinical manifestations of pathology. Symptoms of the disease are inconsistent, they either increase or decrease. Hypertrophy develops in three stages: compensation, subcompensation, decompensation.
Symptoms of prostate adenoma at the stage of compensation
At this stage, the main symptoms of the proliferation of prostate adenoma in men:
there is a complete release from urine,
the abdominal muscles tighten before emptying
the pressure of the urine stream gradually weakens,
night incontinence and frequent urination in the afternoon develops.
At the compensation stage, there is no significant change in the functions of the genitourinary system. In patients, the dynamics of urinary outflow gradually changes. The process of urination becomes less free and frequent. Constant urinary retention with enlarged prostate adenoma is the first symptom of the development of pathology.
At the beginning of the disease, nightly and imperative urination is characteristic: the patient does not keep the bladder contraction, there is a need for urgent emptying.
In the daytime, the outflow of urine gradually changes: the beginning of urination is delayed especially after waking up. Enlarged prostate adenoma (initial symptoms) allows the bladder to be completely freed from the urine thanks to stably working muscles. But over time, the muscle walls weaken, the disease goes to the next stage.
The process of the onset of the development of adenoma overgrowth lasts from a year to 15 years, without causing severe inconvenience to a man. At the compensation stage, no complications develop. The patient's condition is satisfactory.
What is prostate adenoma?
The prostate gland in men is a small glandular muscle. It is located in the pelvis, under the bladder, and covers the initial section of the urethra.
The main significance of the prostate gland is that it is capable of producing a specific secret.
It is mixed with seminal fluid, and this is what maintains the necessary level of sperm and their active vital activity. With prostate adenoma, such a scheme is violated.
The prostate gland, acquiring an enlarged form, begins to put pressure on the urethra, which means that the outflow of urine from the bladder is disturbed. There is no normal urination, and the urine begins to stagnate, the mucous membrane of the bladder becomes inflamed, and this is a sure and quick way to cystitis.
The inflammatory process provokes kidney disease, eventually pyelonephritis appears. If the urethra becomes inflamed, then discharge may periodically occur from it.
Prostate adenoma can be triggered by such factors:
- some diseases, especially those that are sexually transmitted, and atherosclerosis,
- constant stress
- high body weight
- ecological environment.
What are the symptoms of prostate adenoma?
Symptoms of the disease make themselves felt:
- during urination. Urine begins to be excreted by an inactive sluggish stream, but in the end it begins to stand out intermittently. With the development of the disease, urine begins to drop out. The whole process takes too long.
- to empty the bladder, you have to strain the abdominal press,
- the toilet has to be visited at night, and more than once,
- ejaculation, although it is, is very painful,
- urge to urinate is so strong that it is impossible to hold urine during the urge, it begins to constantly leak,
- pus and blood streaks appear in the urine.
The problem in treating prostate adenoma and prostatitis is as follows. The prostate gland, increasing, does not cause pain, but subsequently, when impaired urination begins to disturb, the man goes to the doctor. That is, the problem is the untimely appeal to a specialist.
Treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma, of course, is required, otherwise there will be constant delays during urination, inflammation and infection in the genitourinary system, back pain, chills.
So that men do not have such problems, you need to consult a doctor and discuss all stages of treatment. Firstly, the diagnosis must be confirmed by modern diagnostic methods. To do this, use an ultrasound of the prostate gland. The amount of residual urine is determined by cystography, and its current rate is determined by uroflowmetry.
The doctor also conducts a rectal examination, and also directs the patient to the laboratory for blood and urine donation for analysis.
There are several ways - medical treatment of prostate adenoma without surgery and surgery. The doctor has a task: to decide in this case which method is the most gentle and will lead to a quick cure.
Especially popular are candles for the treatment of prostatitis - Vitaprost forte. After a month of their use, noticeable improvements begin, and often surgical intervention is no longer required.
The doctor prescribes those drugs that affect the hormonal system in order to try to block the growth of the prostate gland.
It is necessary to destroy the causative agents of the disease, therefore antibacterial drugs are necessary. The course of taking antibiotics will last at least 4 weeks. If the pain is severe, then it is not required to take the pill, but the introduction of the drug intravenously.
If urination is seriously impaired, tablets from the alpha-blocker group are needed. Their advantage is that they can relax the smooth muscle fibers of the prostate, relieve pressure on the bladder, relieve sphincter spasm. Muscle relaxants relieve tension in the perineum and strong pressure on the pelvic area.
These drugs for prostate adenoma are very effective, but only in the early stages, when the process of residual urine formation is still in its initial form. They do not contribute to the reduction of the size of the prostate. These are alpha-blockers, such as:
In the later stages of the disease, when the prostate is enlarged, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are prescribed. They help to reduce the size of the prostate. These drugs include:
The newest drug treatment for the prostate is Sonirid duo, which combines the Proscar 5-alpha reductase inhibitor and the Tamsulosin alpha blocker. The use of this drug gives better results than the use of Proscar and Tamsulosin separately.
Drugs are needed to treat prostate adenoma in men when characteristic symptoms occur, and also when pain in the lower abdomen needs to be removed.
Soothing substances are useful for young men if they are depressed due to impaired sexual function.
Vitamins will also be needed to strengthen the immune system, which is weakened by the disease and drugs, especially for the elderly.
There are drugs for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenomas of plant origin. Of these, medicines based on saber, pumpkin seeds and creeping palm fruits are especially popular.
What list of medicines is needed, what doses are needed, all this is decided by the attending physician, observing the course of the disease and its features.
The entire treatment period should take place in the clinic or in the hospital - it all depends on the stage of the disease, and on unforeseen complications. But how to treat prostate adenoma if the stages of the disease are far from early? In this case, the intervention of the surgeon is required.
Transurethral resection involves the removal of prostate tissue using a resectoscope through the urethra. Prostatectomy is performed in men in an open way. There are minimally invasive methods of treating the disease without surgery.
Manifestations of prostate adenoma in the second stage of subcompensation
Enlarged prostate gland (adenoma), signs of the second stage of the disease:
a weak, thin stream of urine,
frequent jerking of the jet occurs,
the urination process often occurs in drops,
incomplete release from urine,
false desires, including defecation.
The second stage of the pathology is characterized by deterioration in the performance of the reservoir of urine, kidneys and the entire genitourinary system. Gradually, the bladder is not completely released from the urine. The urea residues in the tank reach up to 200 ml. With the development of the disease, its amount only increases. Overgrown prostate adenoma (symptoms of the initial stages) requires treatment by a urologist.
At this stage, dystrophy of the muscles of the walls of the bladder begins, it increases in size, its sensitivity decreases. The patient, in order to completely empty, must strongly strain the abdominal muscles. Urine begins to spontaneously stand out from the canal due to increased intravesical pressure.
Squeezing of the ureters gradually increases, the outflow of urine is constantly interrupted, is carried out in a wave-like manner with short rest periods between urges.
Subcompensation is also characterized by complete retention of urine during hypothermia, stress, colds, and alcohol abuse. Rolling pain joins the pubic region. The patient's condition worsens.
Prostate adenoma (symptoms of the second stage) in the absence of treatment leads to complications:
the appearance of a hernia in the inguinal region,
with strained urination - prolapse of the rectum,
Depending on the symptoms of prostate adenoma that develop in the patient at the second stage of the disease, the treatment method is chosen.
Symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia and methods for its treatment
Increasingly, men have a disease such as adenoma. Pathology is dangerous for its complications and the fact that for a long time does not indicate the presence of a focus.
At the same time, if abnormalities are detected at an early stage, it is possible to avoid surgery and stop the growth of the tumor.
That is why it is important to understand what prostate adenoma in men is and what methods exist for treating male problems.
Knowledge of the symptoms of adenoma will allow you to recognize its development in time and begin timely treatment
Symptoms in the third stage of decompensation
At the third stage, the symptoms of the disease are clearly visible:
extremely painful urination
spontaneous dripping of urine,
smelling of urine from my mouth
the bladder does not completely release urine.
The decompensated stage includes paradoxical ischuria - overflow of the bladder, but due to the lack of muscle tone, urine is excreted only dropwise. The walls of the urine reservoir are stretched due to constant overcrowding. The bladder is determined independently by palpation in the groin. The patient's condition is rapidly deteriorating.
Lack of appetite, weakness, dry mouth, constipation and vomiting - overgrown prostate adenoma, the onset of symptoms of the third stage. Medication is usually replaced by surgery.
Without medical assistance, azotemia develops in the final stages of the disease, which leads to death due to impaired urine outflow.
Adenoma or cancer
Signs of a malignant neoplasm practically do not differ from an adenoma:
urination functions are violated, false desires appear, a "sluggish" stream,
perineal pain, erectile dysfunction,
in the last stages - swelling of the legs, aches in the bones, severe weight loss.
The patient alone cannot distinguish the symptoms of prostate adenoma cancer from a benign tumor. Only a doctor can confirm or refute the diagnosis, based on the results of the tests and the examination data.
Reasons for deviations
First of all, find out what is an adenoma. This is a disease in which proliferation of prostate tissue is observed. The gland can grow evenly or with the formation of individual tumors.
The disease is often detected in men over the age of 46 years. The main reason for the formation of deviations is an imbalance in hormones.
But, at the same time, provoking factors such as inflammation of the surrounding tissues, the presence of stones in the bladder, lack of exercise, and even bad habits are not excluded.
Complications of the symptoms of an enlarged adenoma
Against the background of hypertrophy, complications develop:
- Chronic prostatitis occurs due to the proliferation of adenoma, impaired blood supply, urinary outflow.
- Urolithiasis develops as a result of stagnation of urine.
- Cystitis (urea residue) often accompanies the second stage of the disease. Pathology increases the infectious processes in the bladder.
- Hematuria - blood in the urine with enlarged prostate adenoma.With acute urinary retention, you need to urgently go to the hospital, since this condition does not go away on its own and is life-threatening.
- Pyelonephritis, hydronephrosis, renal failure develops due to the entry of urine into the kidneys.
For any symptoms of proliferation of adenoma, you need to contact a urologist, as the disease will progress, and move from the initial stage further.
Signs and stages of the disease
Often, when they go to the doctor, men with stage 1 pathology do not even understand what prostate adenoma is and how the disease develops. The disease is detected by chance. Accordingly, for each stage of male prostate adenoma, the symptoms will be different:
- First stage. The gland is moderately enlarged, urine excretion processes are practically not disturbed, sometimes a decrease in jet pressure is noted. The duration of the first stage of prostate adenoma disease can be up to 12 years, but a situation is not ruled out when, after a couple of years, the pathology begins to progress.
With adenoma, there are problems with emptying the bladder
- Second stage. Signs of prostate adenoma in men become especially pronounced. Urine is often excreted by drops or intermittent stream. There is a need to strain in order to completely empty the bladder, but, nevertheless, stagnation of urine is noted. This can trigger symptoms of cystitis. At this stage, in the absence of treatment for prostate adenoma, a decrease in muscle tone and the gradual development of diverticula is noted.
- Third stage. At the last stage of the pathology, an increase in the size of the bladder is noted, urine can be delayed up to two liters. At the same time, she stands out on her own in a small portion, regardless of the desire of the man. At the same time, a decrease in appetite, weakness, nausea, signs of poisoning of the body with nitrogen compounds increase. Joining an infection causes a fever.
Any violation, for example, eating spicy food, alcohol, hypothermia, and so on, causes a deterioration in the condition and progression of the pathology. The dependence is especially pronounced in the second stage of adenoma.
In order to prevent complications, with suspected adenoma, alcohol should be abandoned
It is important to emphasize that if at the first stage you start taking medications to treat adenoma, you can stop the growth of the tumor and avoid surgery. In the second and third stages, the drug method is used, usually after surgery.
How is the disease detected?
Before figuring out how to treat prostate adenoma in men, it is important to understand why this is done. Not all men take adenoma seriously. Some mistakenly believe that since this process is benign, special events should not be carried out.
But, as soon as pronounced urination disorders and other symptoms appear with progressive prostate adenoma, they immediately begin to look for pills that will instantly solve the problem.
In addition to urinary retention, complications can manifest as the formation of stones in the bladder, impaired renal function, inflammatory processes, and so on.
Cystoscopy may be required to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of prostate adenoma is selected based on the results of the following studies:
- thorough examination of the patient,
- PSA determination
- blood analysis,
Each study has its own degree of importance. Thanks to a blood test, inflammation is determined. Ultrasound can assess the state of organ tissues. Especially important for the diagnosis of adenoma are the assessment of the pressure of the stream and its nature.
In addition, one more method should be mentioned - finger research. This allows you to feel the gland, evaluate its size, density and consistency. Equally important is its position in relation to neighboring organs.
During the study, prostate juice is taken for analysis.
Palpation of the prostate allows a more accurate diagnosis.
Ultrasound of the prostate adenoma is the main method that allows you to diagnose the growth of organ tissues. It is carried out in two versions:
transabdominal (using a sensor placed on the abdominal front wall),
transrectal (with the introduction of the sensor into the rectum).
The first method - TaUZI - helps to determine not only the size and shape of the prostate, but also to conduct a parallel examination of the bladder and kidneys, which suffer from gland hyperplasia. This method does not require special preparation (it is only necessary to fill the bladder, for which the patient drinks at least a liter of water in 30–40 minutes) and can be performed on the day of the patient’s initial treatment. Using abdominal ultrasound, residual urine in prostate adenoma is also determined.
The most accurate way is transrectal (TRUS). Thanks to him, you can not only see the shape, symmetry and size of the prostate, but also examine soft tissues in detail, conduct Dopplerography (evaluate the blood supply to the gland). Usually, an enema is necessary before it is performed, and two days before the procedure it is advisable to maintain a special diet to eliminate the risks of gas formation. A sensor having a diameter of 2 cm is inserted a few centimeters in depth (not more than 6). The procedure is not painful, but can be accompanied by unpleasant sensations.
On ultrasound, signs of prostate adenoma can be seen if the prostate is enlarged (at a rate of 25-30 cm³ and weight 26.5-30 g). Hyperplasia is detected as a capsule with clear contours, which can be nodular (in most cases) or diffuse.
Prostate adenoma in the ultrasound photo can be visualized already at a size of 7 mm. The initial stage is described as a formation surrounded by a hypoechoic site. In advanced cases, asymmetry of the prostate, structural heterogeneity is noted. According to the results of TRUS, the degree of compression of the urethra by the neoplasm is assessed.
The determination of prostate adenoma using ultrasound is carried out together with an assessment of the blood supply to the organ. With the developed disease, hyperplasia of the urethral arteries in the center of the prostate and their reduction in the peripheral areas. The speed of blood flow in the capsular arteries increases.
Immediately after treatment in men, treatment is performed through lifestyle correction. In other words, expectant tactics are being conducted. It is important for a specialist to evaluate not only the state of the gland at the time of treatment, but also how quickly its characteristics change. For this reason, for some time, the doctor may recommend that the following rules be observed:
- drink the daily amount of water before lunch,
- provide the most comfortable conditions when visiting the toilet (avoid shared toilets, try to relax and not think about the disease),
- completely eliminate alcohol,
- Perform elementary exercises
- provide good nutrition,
- reduce stress.
Men with prostate adenoma should avoid stressful situations.
A man should be shown to a doctor to examine and evaluate progress. If there is a manifestation of deterioration, resort to treatment with drugs. Separately, a new direction in the treatment of prostate adenoma should be noted.
Today, more and more attention is paid to techniques that allow the body to independently fight pathology. In this regard, the use of orthomolecular therapy of prostate adenoma is gaining popularity.
The technique consists in the individual selection of vitamins and other important elements, and in a dosage many times higher than traditional standards. It is important to emphasize that such tactics are chosen only at the initial stage.
Symptoms and treatment of prostate adenoma are directly related. If at the earliest stage wait-and-see tactics are used, then with the progression of the pathology it is already treated with drugs. First of all, these are alpha blockers.
Especially often, for the treatment of prostate adenoma in men, such drugs as Kardura, Khitrin, Dalfast are used.
Each remedy has its own differences, but all of them contribute to the relaxation of tissues and improve urine excretion.
At the initial stages of development, drug therapy helps adenoma
In addition, these drugs for the treatment of prostate adenoma have the following advantages:
- drug treatment has an effect on the third day,
- the medicine is suitable for almost 92% of men,
- these are the most beneficial medications for treating prostate adenoma in the elderly by lowering blood pressure.
The next group is 5-α reductase inhibitors. These include Proscar and Avodart. They have many advantages. First of all, they inhibit the growth of education.
In addition, it is thanks to such treatment that it is possible to reduce the risks of complications. At the same time, it must be remembered that the duration of such treatment is at least six months.
In addition, it should be recalled that drugs negatively affect sexual function, causing its decline.
Avodart with Proscar is used to treat adenoma
An excellent effect can be achieved by combining the drugs of the first and second groups. In this case, you need to remember about possible contraindications. Therefore, it is only necessary to decide how to treat prostate adenoma together with a doctor.
It is necessary to differentiate the diagnosis of "prostate adenoma" and a prostate tumor, for which a blood test is prescribed to detect a specific prostatic antigen - PSA. It is produced in the prostate and is concentrated in its ducts. In the blood, the antigen is in a small amount, but in sufficient quantity to determine. In order to assess the nature of the neoplasm (benign or malignant), the free form of PSA is examined. Its normal values are in the range of 0 to 4 ng / ml (in young men - up to 2.5 ng / ml, elderly - 3.5). Accordingly, the level of PSA in prostate adenoma is increased.
A biopsy of the adenoma of the prostate gland is prescribed if it is suspected of being malignant (accelerated growth, the presence of seals during digital rectal examination). The procedure is to take cells from the tissues of the prostate. They are obtained using a long spring needle, which is introduced in several ways:
- The transrectal option is the most common. It is performed under local anesthesia and under the control of transrectal ultrasound. The procedure lasts about half an hour, and during this time 12 tissue samples from different parts of the prostate are taken for analysis. An ultrasound screen captures the exact hit of the needle in the gland.
- A transurethral biopsy for prostate adenoma is performed using a cytoscope with a video camera. The doctor takes the required tissue using a cutting loop, visually tracking their actions. The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia, but spinal or general anesthesia can be used. The approximate time spent using the transurethral method is 30–40 minutes.
- A transperineal biopsy is carried out least often: it involves taking tissue through an incision in the perineum (the place between the anus and the scrotum). The usual time for it is 15–20 minutes. This requires the introduction of spinal or general anesthesia and the patient is awhile after the procedure in the hospital. Currently, they are starting to use local blockade of the genital nerve as anesthesia, which allows not using anesthesia.
Before determining the prostate adenoma by biopsy, a course of antibiotic therapy is necessary to exclude subsequent infection. It should be prescribed by a doctor at an orientation consultation before the procedure.
Within a few days after tissue collection, minor pain in the pelvis may be noted, urine may turn red. After a transrectal procedure, there may be a discharge of blood from the anus for 2-3 days.
With prostate adenoma, cancer cells and infiltration of surrounding tissues, as is the case with malignant tumors, are not detected by biopsy results. If there are questionable results, a second biopsy may be prescribed.
In the event that it is not possible to cure the pathology with drugs, surgical intervention should be considered. In this case, you must immediately find out from the doctor what causes the complications more often and what the consequences may be after the operation. Today, to eliminate the pathology, both proven methods and new ones are used. Especially need to highlight the following:
- laser therapy that allows you to remove excess gland tissue through the urethra,
- microwave therapy - a technique involves exposure to tissues with microwaves,
- needle ablation - the destructive effect is due to radio waves,
- stenting - allows you to ensure patency of the channel, but the method is not often used, as it can provoke inflammation.
Microwave therapy is used to remove adenoma.
The listed methods are less traumatic. They are used either with small sizes of the gland, or in the presence of contraindications for serious operations. Complications in this case can be bleeding, pain during emptying of the bladder, erectile dysfunction.
If these methods do not give an effect or there is a pronounced inflammation, surgery is used. It can be performed both through the urethra and by the abdominal method. Each method has its own characteristics and consequences. The presence of stones, diverticulums and large tumors is the reason for the appointment of abdominal surgery.
After the procedures, it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions in order to shorten the recovery period. In addition, you need to find out what causes the recurrence of the pathology and after what operations complications are possible.
With an adenoma at the initial stage, medicinal plants will help
If it was possible to determine the first symptoms of prostate adenoma in men, treatment can be performed using alternative recipes, but always under medical supervision. This will reduce the severity of symptoms and also help to avoid complications.
High efficiency differs cowberries, birch, Kalanchoe, ginger, licorice and dandelion. Of the listed components, you can make fees or take them separately.
They have a positive effect on the hormonal level and relieve inflammation. In addition, you can ask the pharmacy how and how to treat this disease.
It is easy to find herbal preparations based on African plums, palm serenoa or ginger.
Thus, knowing how prostate adenoma manifests itself, one can manage to determine the pathology at its earliest stage of development. This will allow you to start therapy on time and avoid negative consequences.
The doctor will tell about prostate adenoma and prostatitis in the video:
Medication for prostate adenoma
Modern treatment of prostate adenoma includes conservative therapy for the early stages of the disease, when the symptoms are mild and the lesion has not touched the upper urinary tract. In addition, surgery may be contraindicated to the patient for a number of reasons.
Modern drugs suggest a significant positive effect of drug treatment of symptoms of prostate adenoma - a significant minimization of manifestations and their complete elimination, subject to a comprehensive and correctly selected treatment.
Drug therapy for the disease in question is intended to implement the following tasks:
decrease in its volume,
minimization of negative manifestations during urination.
The main goal of drug treatment is to stop the progressive development of the disease and prevent the need for surgical intervention. If this cannot be achieved, and surgery for prostate adenoma becomes inevitable, you should not refuse to take medication.
The drug method is used both independently and in combination with surgery, as a supportive and regulatory therapy. Depending on the symptoms, treatment of prostate adenoma is corrected by a specialist in the direction of prescribing a particular group of drugs.
With drug therapy, doctors recommend drugs for prostate adenoma of the following spectrum:
hormonal drugs that reduce the prostate,
agents for the treatment of prostate adenoma, tonic and regulating the activity of the genitourinary canal, facilitating urination,
preparations of plant origin, and aimed at the general strengthening of the body's immunity and resistance.
In the treatment of chronic prostatitis and prostate adenoma, a group of alpha-adrenergic blockers, which are regularly used to achieve positive dynamics in restoring normal urination and eliminating pain, have proven themselves to be positive. At the same time, the positive result of this treatment regimen for prostate adenoma is preserved for a long time. The disadvantage of the drugs under consideration is the presence of a wide range of possible side effects, such as:
the possibility of retrograde ejaculation.
Patients who have concomitant problems with the cardiovascular system, the use of the drugs in question is categorically not recommended. If the patient's body responds to the drug normally, the course of the prescribed alpha-blocker is usually continued. The doctor decides how to treat prostate adenoma, taking into account the interests and individual characteristics of the patient.
In the conservative treatment of prostate adenoma, a group of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors is also used. Drugs in this group allow, through hormonal correction, to reduce the prostate and suspend the progress of the disease. In some cases, the effect of application is expected to be up to six months, and among the possible side effects, weakening of libido and erectile dysfunction are noted.
Of course, taking any drugs in the treatment of prostate adenoma is permissible only after consultation with a specialist urologist and under close medical supervision.
The dosage and features of the medication regimen are determined by the attending physician. There is no single standard for the treatment of prostate adenoma, but it is important to remember that the key to the effectiveness of any therapeutic measures is the exact implementation of medical prescriptions.
As for self-medication, it is highly not recommended, since it can lead to a general exacerbation of symptoms and worsening the dynamics of the course of the disease. Treatment with folk remedies (for example, the use of fresh pumpkin juice and seeds, tinctures of onions, tinctures of celandine and herbal gathers based on hawthorn, gold rod and chandra) may be useful, but you should never refuse professional medical help.
Surgery to remove prostate adenoma: nature and consequences
What operations do with prostate adenoma?
Modern medicine offers two main types of surgical treatment for prostate adenoma:
- transurethral resection
- prostatectomy (anodectomy).
A feature of transurethral resection (TUR) on the prostate gland is the method of removal of prostate tissue, for which a special device is used - a resectoscope. Its input occurs through the urethra. After removal of the prostate adenoma in this way, the risk of complications is minimal, and the rehabilitation time is significantly shortened.
With prostatectomy, the prostate is removed by open surgery. An operation of this type is considered obsolete. Rehabilitation after surgery for open-type prostate adenoma is a rather lengthy process, associated with frequent complications. Most specialists prefer TUR as a more advanced technique that minimizes the negative effects of surgery.
Despite the risks of complications and the need for a long postoperative recovery, surgery is the optimal choice for the treatment of prostate adenoma, which allows to completely eliminate the disease and avoid possible relapse of the pathology.
Surgery on prostate adenoma is a rather laborious and painful process. But the use of the latest surgical techniques allows you to avoid complications after prostate adenoma surgery.
An important step in the process of surgical intervention is rehabilitation after removal of prostate adenoma.
After an operation to remove prostate adenoma, the body recovers for a long time. The rehabilitation process is characterized by a different spectrum of manifestations, depending on individual characteristics.
The consequences of prostate adenoma surgery include the need for regular medical supervision, supportive therapy and a set of simple rehabilitation measures: massages, therapeutic exercises, a special diet after removal of the prostate adenoma.
Methods for removing prostate adenoma without surgery
Recently, some experimental techniques have been gaining popularity that offer the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma using innovative technologies. This category includes techniques of the so-called minimally invasive spectrum.
Among the new methods of treating prostate adenoma, the following progressive techniques are worth noting.
Thermal method - adenoma is affected by a high temperature level. Tissue heating occurs under the influence of microwave or radio frequency radiation, ultrasound. The most common is the use of transurethral microwave thermotherapy.
Cryodestruction - destruction of unwanted prostate tissue and treatment of prostate adenoma occurs under the influence of low temperatures.
Laser exposure, in which the processes of evaporation (vaporization) of the aqueous fluid and coagulation, that is, tissue folding, occur in parallel in the tissues of the prostate gland. Vaporization is often used to treat prostate adenoma in men in the early stages of the disease.
Urethral balloon dilatation - the lumen in the urethra is dilated, using a special catheter for this, the tip of which expands.
A stenting method in which the lumen in the urethra is widened by introducing a special stent. This medical device is made in a cylindrical form based on a polymeric material. With its help, it is possible to achieve the desired expansion of the urethra and prevent its subsequent narrowing.
Balloon dilatation is most often used in parallel with stenting, as a complex treatment system for prostate adenoma without surgery.
The methods discussed are something relatively new in the treatment of prostate adenoma. They are safe enough for health and contribute to the speedy rehabilitation of the patient. But indicators of their effectiveness today are inferior to surgical intervention, so specialists in practice use minimally invasive therapy quite rarely. In addition, these methods are quite expensive compared to a conventional operation.
In the treatment of adenoma, various medications are used:
- Alpha blockers. They act on the muscles around the urethra, relaxing them and promoting the excretion of urine. Improvements are noticeable just a few days after treatment with omnichrome - a new effective drug.
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors that reduce the production of the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which affects the growth of prostate cells. Preparations of this group are taken for a long time - 3-4 months.
- In mistletoe, drugs based on white mistletoe are used. The plant is rich in alkaloids and activates the immune system, which destroys swollen and inflamed cells.
- In photodynamic treatment, sensitizing drugs are used intravenously, which remain in the tumor cells longer than in healthy cells. Further, under the influence of a laser beam of a certain length, a biochemical reaction occurs in these cells with the formation of oxygen free radicals that locally destroy the tumor.
- In systemic peptide therapy, biologically active substances - peptides - are used. Drugs with their content contribute to the restoration of the antitumor immune defense of the body and reduce the risk of the dynamics of the disease. Active peptides kill tumor cells.
Preparations for prostate adenoma are very effective in the initial stages of the development of the disease, they relieve unpleasant symptoms, reduce the volume of the gland and contribute to the delay in surgical treatment, which is used when urination is impossible.
Preparations for the treatment of prostate adenoma are divided into the following groups:
Alpha-1-blockers: Omnic, Delphase, Guitrin, Uroxatral. Assigned to stimulate the outflow of urine and seminal fluid, reduce pressure in the urethra, reduce the number of urges, relieve cramps.
Painkillers: Ibuprofen, Declofenac. Relieve pain in the groin.
Hormonal drugs are necessary to stop the growth of adenoma. The medicines of this group include: Androkur, Flucin, Microlut, Arimidex.
5 alpha-ruductase inhibitors: Depost, Proscar, Avodart. They are used to reduce tumor growth. The drugs are highly effective in reducing large tumors.
Antibiotics for prostate adenoma: Gentamicin, Cephalosporin. They are used to treat the acute form of the disease and are intended to eliminate its cause - the pathogen.
Tissue preparations: Prostatilen, Raveron. Helps prevent tumor growth and reduce prostate volumes.
Homeopathic: Afala, Permikson, Finasteroid, Tadenan.
Soothing: tinctures of valerian, motherwort, Novopassit.
Vitamins for prostate adenoma are prescribed to stimulate the immune system.
Surgical methods are used in cases of large prostate size and the duration of the disease, as well as at a later stage of tumor development. They are produced in stationary conditions after examination.
There are the following methods for surgical solution of the problem:
- Transurethral resection (TUR). This method is more effective than other options for surgery, a positive result is observed in 90 out of 100 patients. Tumor cells are removed under anesthesia with a special device, and urination improves 3-4 days after surgery.
- Transurethral incision (TUI) is used with a small enlargement of the gland and is considered a gentle surgical procedure - after it, patients do not have complications. At the time of surgery, several incisions are made on the prostate gland, with the help of which the cause of difficulty urinating is eliminated. Sometimes a repeated procedure is required to completely cure the patient.
- Open adenomectomy is effective in cases of large prostate size. In addition, experts recommend the use of such treatment if the patient has complications: stones in the bladder, tissue damage by stones, narrow lumen of the urethra. When performing a surgical operation, the doctor performs a skin incision in the lower abdomen to "get" to the diseased gland. Adenomectomy involves the removal of the inside of the gland.
Alpha-1-blockers are quite effective drugs for prostate adenoma. They are intended for:
removal of the tone of the urethra,
relaxation of the smooth muscles of the bladder,
eliminate the lack of oxygen in the bladder due to the expansion of its arteries.
Tablets for prostate adenoma, which are alpha-1-blockers, are indicated for frequent nightly urination. Preparations of this group are prescribed to almost all patients, the exception is those cases that cannot be cured without surgical intervention.
These drugs for prostate adenoma provide an opportunity to lower the activity of an enzyme that promotes the production of dihydrotestosterone. This group of drugs significantly reduces the hormone content in the gland, thereby preventing the rapid growth of its cells. As a result, the number of tumor cells decreases and the process of urination normalizes.
For prostate adenoma, the following 5-a-reductase inhibitors are used:
Avodart: to reduce the size of the tumor, relieve unpleasant symptoms and prevent urinary retention,
Depot: antitumor drug,
Proscar: reduces the risk of urinary retention, relieves swelling, and reduces prostate cancer.
Hormonal drugs from prostate adenoma are divided into 3 groups:
- To block testosterone synthesis in the testes.
- To stop the work of androgens in the prostate gland.
- Steroid drugs.
Treatment with hormonal drugs is not very desirable, as it is associated with many side effects:
Therefore, this group of drugs is prescribed only if there is a suspicion of the growth of a low-grade tumor.
Most often, the doctor prescribes the following hormonal drugs:
Androcourt: reduces the effect of androgens on the prostate gland,
Flucin: has an antitumor effect, it is indicated for prostate cancer.
Rapid treatment of symptoms of prostate adenoma with pharmacy drugs
Prostate hyperplasia (adenoma) is a benign neoplasm that begins with a small nodule in the connective tissue of the prostate and increases in size over time.
Prostate adenoma develops in men older than 50 years and by the age of 80 years, signs of this disease are observed in 80% of the male population.
The cause of the adenoma is not defined, but doctors tend to consider it a consequence of age-related hormonal changes in the male body - a decrease in the male hormone testosterone and an increase in the female hormone estrogen and disruption of the endocrine system.
The prostate gland (prostate) is located under the bladder and covers part of the urinary canal. As a result of growth and increase in volume, it squeezes it, which leads to disturbances in the functioning of the entire urinary system, and over time can lead to serious deviations in the functioning of all nearby organs.
In order for treatment of any disease to be effective, an important factor is a timely visit to a doctor to make the correct diagnosis. The earlier a disease is detected, the easier and more effective its treatment is.
Prostate adenoma in the initial stages almost does not manifest itself.Only the urge to urinate at night can only become more frequent, which is usually the first sign of this pathological deviation. Over time, the symptoms intensify and already interfere with normal life, both day and night.
Antibiotics in the treatment of the prostate are prescribed in almost 100% of cases. This is necessary to destroy the causative agent of the disease. The appointment is carried out after a laboratory study of the secret.
For the effectiveness of treatment, it is necessary that antibiotics penetrate the tissues of the prostate and accumulate in it, contributing to a high concentration of the active substance. Doctors prescribe antibacterial agents in the initial stages of the development of the disease. The course of treatment is from 3 weeks.
Homeopathic or phyto drugs
For the prevention of prostate adenoma, drugs can be prescribed from plant materials: homeopathic or phyto.
They are available in the form of tablets, solutions, suppositories.
Rectal suppositories for prostate adenoma, consisting of natural components, are widely used to relieve the symptoms of the disease. Such funds include:
Vitaprost: reduces swelling, relieves pain, improves the composition of the ejaculate, improves blood circulation.
Bioprost: restores erectile function, stimulates the normal functioning of the prostate.
Vitaprinol: contains plant estrogens synthesized from needles. Restores hormonal imbalance.
Suppositories for the treatment of prostate adenoma act quickly and effectively.
Homeopathic tablets for the treatment of prostate adenoma:
Afala: reduce swelling and inflammation of the prostate, stimulate the outflow of urine,
Tadenan: developed from the bark of an African plum, eliminates urination disorders, relieves swelling, reduces pain.
Drug therapy is not always prescribed by a doctor, since almost all drugs have side effects. Therefore, if the patient believes that taking pills for prostate adenoma is ineffective and prefers surgical treatment, drug therapy is prescribed only for relief of pain syndromes.
When answering the question of what kind of medicine to treat prostate adenoma, it is important to understand that the drugs are selected individually and the appointment should be made by the doctor. Incorrectly selected medications for the treatment of prostate adenoma can harm the body: worsen an erection, reduce reproductive function or cause allergies.
When the first symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia appear, you should consult a doctor for advice and recommendations. A qualified doctor will give advice on the use of folk remedies in the treatment of pathology. If prostate adenoma has formed, treatment with folk remedies may be one of the best methods. But the question arises: "How to treat prostate adenoma with folk remedies, what effective methods exist?"
Infusions for prostate adenoma
At the first stages of the development of the disease, you can turn to alternative medicine, but only with the permission of the doctor. According to the cured, folk remedies for prostate adenoma help perfectly in the first stages of the development of the disease.
There are a huge number of recipes that over the years help patients cope with this problem. Such folk remedies include infusions of various herbs. Effective in the treatment of this pathology are:
They are freely available in the pharmacy, they can be purchased without a prescription, that is, you do not need to spend time collecting them. Herbs for the treatment of prostate adenoma are often used in the early stages of the development of the disease.
Any of these herbs should be finely chopped and poured with boiling water, you can apply the infusion after 12 hours.Those people who have already been helped by a similar folk recipe recommend drinking it half an hour before eating half a liter a day for three months. Herbs with prostate adenoma help strengthen the immune system, reduce the anti-inflammatory effect.
The answer to the question of how to cure prostate adenoma with folk remedies includes the use of beekeeping products. Everyone knows that they are very useful, especially in the presence of inflammatory processes in the body. The use of propolis honey will be very useful, it can be added to tea or a decoction of healthy herbs. Treatment of prostate adenoma at home is made possible by the use of bee propolis, as it has antibacterial properties.
In almost all pharmacies, candles with propolis for prostate adenoma are sold, which are recommended for use according to the attached instructions.
This does not end the review of “products” of bee production. Empirically proven, the treatment of prostate adenoma with bee death, that is, dead bees, is very effective. To do this, pour 2 tablespoons of dead fresh bees with half a liter of boiled water. The water is first brought to a boil, and then simmer for about two hours.
After which the broth should be cooled to room temperature, strain and leave in the refrigerator. It must be consumed daily for a month before meals, three teaspoons each. But before using this alternative method of treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor, since the patient may have allergic reactions to certain components.
Celandine in the treatment of prostate adenoma
Celandine with prostate adenoma acts due to anti-inflammatory properties.
In advance bought in a pharmacy or self-assembled celandine in the amount of 1 tablespoon should pour a glass of boiling water. After he infuses for two hours, it is filtered and sent to the cold. Treatment of prostate adenoma with celandine involves the strict adoption of an infusion of one tablespoon once a day before meals.
What should be added to the diet for treatment according to folk methods?
Freshly squeezed juices should be included in the menu for prostate adenoma in order to increase the body's resistance to the occurrence of such diseases, since juices contain a huge amount of vitamins, which strengthens the state of the body.
The question arises: "What are the beneficial products for prostate adenoma should be included in the diet?" It is scientifically proven that the cause of the appearance of this pathology in men is a deficiency of zinc and magnesium in the body, so walnuts that contain these trace elements can make up for them. In order for the “medicine” to be even more effective, you can mix 100 grams of nuts with propolis honey and take daily.
Thus, if prostate adenoma occurs, treatment with folk remedies is one of the best ways to solve the problem, but with strict observance of the doctor’s recommendations.
Herbal teas in the treatment of prostate adenoma
Herbal teas, due to their properties, slow down tumor growth and help to avoid surgery. Herbal medicine for prostate adenoma has an exceptionally positive effect.
The fireweed possesses excellent properties, with prostate adenoma it is used as follows: 2 tablespoons of willow-tea pour 2 cups of boiling water and leave for 5 minutes, strain, drink it should be on an empty stomach in the morning and one hour before bedtime, one cup. Tea has no contraindications and will be useful even as a prophylaxis for such diseases. Due to the presence of phytosterols and tannins in it, it has a therapeutic effect.
Green tea with prostate adenoma has a positive effect due to the content of catechins in it, they alter the activity of sex hormones, reduce dihydrotesterone, the action of which explains the growth of adenoma.
The boron uterus treats prostate adenoma due to the presence of such active substances as organic acids, tar, vitamins and minerals in it, which slows down the growth of the adenoma, and it is also useful to drink its decoction as a prophylaxis.
There is also the use of such a product as a beaver stream, the use of prostate adenoma should be carried out according to the doctor’s recommendations. It has a general strengthening effect on the whole body, this product is very much appreciated and it is quite difficult to acquire. At the cellular level, components have an effect on tumor growth.
The above folk methods of treating prostate adenoma will help cope with the disease. Effective treatment of prostate adenoma with folk remedies can save a man from surgical interventions.
The entire course of BPH can be divided into three stages:
|First stage||It manifests itself as a violation in the act of urination when the bladder is completely empty - frequent urges, a languid, intermittent stream, a feeling of inferior emptying. Disturbances in the work of the organs of the urinary system are not observed. The first stage can last from 1 year to 10 years individually for each patient.|
|Second stage of the disease||It is characterized by the onset of impaired functioning of the kidneys due to regular residual urine in the bladder. There is also inflammation of the urinary tract, which is manifested by burning during urination and pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.|
|In the third stage||Atrophy of the muscles of the bladder occurs, the act of urination is completely impaired, kidney function is upset. Urine is spontaneously excreted. In this case, there is a need to use a urinal.|
All medicines are divided according to the method of their use into oral ones in the form of tablets, medicines, capsules and rectal ones in the form of suppositories.
More often, doctors prescribe the following tablets:
|Kardura||Contains doxazonin, which improves urination and erectile function. Not recommended for men who have low blood pressure.|
|Uroxatral||Belongs to the group of alpha-blockers, relaxes the muscles of the urinary system. Lowers blood pressure.|
|Flomax||It requires its own application in each case, which the attending physician chooses. It slightly reduces pressure. After two weeks, you can notice the result of its action in a significant reduction in the symptoms of prostate adenoma.|
|Avodart||It has a long course of use and helps to reduce the size of the prostate gland.|
|Proscar||It belongs to the group of inhibitors that stops the growth of neoplasms in the prostate and leads to its decrease.|
Any drug can have undesirable complications if it is used incorrectly, therefore, only the attending physician should have it, having a complete picture of the patient’s body condition.
When prescribing treatment for prostate adenoma, the doctor prescribes diuretics for the patient. As a rule, these are infusions of herbs and their collections, which also have anti-inflammatory effects. The most popular are chamomile, linden, nettle, parsley, sage.
The diet for prostate adenoma should be strictly observed, since food directly affects the functioning of the urinary system. From the diet, it is necessary to exclude spicy and salty foods, smoked meats, alcoholic beverages.
To increase the immunity of the patient’s body, vitamin therapy is also used, for which the doctor prescribes undevitis and gendevitis. You can not allow the development of blood in the pelvic organs.To do this, you need to move more, perform the recommended exercises, walk more.
A healthy lifestyle will help to cope with stressful situations and avoid complications such as acute urinary retention, and will also help the symptoms disappear and there will be no transition to the last stage requiring surgical intervention.